chest

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English cheste, chiste, from Old English ċest, ċist (chest, casket; coffin; rush basket; box), from Proto-Germanic *kistō (chest, box), from Latin cista (chest, box), from Ancient Greek κίστη (kístē, chest, box, basket, hamper), from Proto-Indo-European *kisteh₂ (woven container). Germanic cognates include Scots kist (chest, box, trunk, coffer), West Frisian kiste (box, chest), Dutch kist (box, case, chest, coffin), German Kiste (box, crate, case, chest).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

chest (plural chests)

  1. A box, now usually a large strong box with a secure convex lid.
    The clothes are kept in a chest.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, [] .
  2. (obsolete) A coffin.
  3. The place in which public money is kept; a treasury.
    You can take the money from the chest.
  4. A chest of drawers.
  5. (anatomy) The portion of the front of the human body from the base of the neck to the top of the abdomen; the thorax. Also the analogous area in other animals.
    She had a sudden pain in her chest.
  6. A hit or blow made with one's chest (the front of one's body).
    He scored with a chest into the goal.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

chest (third-person singular simple present chests, present participle chesting, simple past and past participle chested)

  1. To hit with one's chest (front of one's body)
    • 2011 January 23, Alistair Magowan, “Blackburn 2 - 0 West Brom”, BBC:
      Pedersen fed Kalinic in West Brom's defensive third and his chested lay-off was met on the burst by the Canadian who pelted by Tamas and smashed the ball into the top of Myhill's net.
  2. (transitive) To deposit in a chest.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To place in a coffin.
    • Bible, Genesis 1. 26
      He dieth and is chested.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English cheste, cheeste, cheaste, from Old English ċēast, ċēas (strife, quarrel, quarrelling, contention, murmuring, sedition, scandal; reproof). Related to Old Frisian kāse (strife, contention), Old Saxon caest (quarrel, dispute), Old High German kōsa (speech, story, account).

Noun[edit]

chest (plural chests)

  1. Debate; quarrel; strife; enmity.

Anagrams[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an old compound, whose constituents are que- (see ecco, Latin eccum) and Latin istum, accusative masculine singular of the pronoun iste; cf. Vulgar Latin *ecce istu. Compare Ladin chest, Romansch quest, Italian questo, Romanian acest, French cet, Catalan aquest.

Pronoun[edit]

chest m (f cheste, m pl chescj, f pl chestis)

  1. this

See also[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an old compound, whose constituents are que- (see ecco, Latin eccum) and Latin istum, accusative masculine singular of the pronoun iste; cf. Vulgar Latin *ecce istu.

Adjective[edit]

chest m (plural chisc, feminine chesta, feminine plural chestes)

  1. this
  2. (in the plural) these

Old French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

chest m

  1. (Picardy) Alternative form of cist