hapax legomenon

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἅπαξ λεγόμενον (hápaks legómenon, (something) said only once), from ἅπαξ (hápaks, once) and λεγόμενον (legómenon), passive participle of λέγω (légō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌhæpæks lɨˈɡɒmənɒn/

Noun[edit]

hapax legomenon (plural hapax legomena)

  1. A word occurring only once in a given corpus.
    • 1999, Casey Wayne Davis, Oral Biblical Criticism: The Influence of the Principles of Orality on the Literary Structure of Paul's Epistle to the Philippians, page 89, footnote,
      άγνως is a New Testament hapax legomenon. άγνός occurs two other times in Paul, both occurences are in 2 Cor.
    • 2000, Steven Pinker, Words and Rules ISBN 0-465-07269-0, page 172
      There is a lovely technical term for a word that appears once in a body of text: a hapax legomenon (plural: hapax legomena), Greek for “once said.” The term comes from philology, the study of old texts.
    • 2005, Hanna Kahana, Esther: Juxtaposition of the Septuagint Translation with the Hebrew Text, page 129, footnote,
      In our case this means that πρωτοβαθρέω is an absolute hapax legomenon, if one assumes that the occurrences of βάθρον in Isa and διαβάθρη in Sam II are the result of corruptions.

Usage notes[edit]

The corpus in question is generally implied by context. Commonly it will be one of:

  • A known corpus of a given language
  • The works of a given author
  • A particular work
  • A book of the Bible

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek. See hapax legomenon.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌhapaks leˈɡoːmenɔn/

Noun[edit]

hapax legomenon n (genitive hapax legomenon, plural hapax legomena)

  1. alternative case form of Hapax Legomenon
    • 1994, Jost Gippert
      "Ein altgeorgisches hapax legomenon"
    • 1848, Ludwig Feuerbach, Das Wesen des Christentums - Zweiter Teil.
      So entstehen die Werke des Genies immer nur unter ganz besondern, nur einmal so zusammentreffenden Innern und äußern Bedingungen; sie sind hapax legomena. »Einmal ist alles Wahre nur.«
    • 1873, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (transl. by Carl Schaarschmidt), Neue Abhandlungen über den menschlichen Verstand - Viertes Buch. Von der Erkenntnis
      Dies muß sich dann ganz ebenso verhalten, als ob das von ihnen Bemerkte zur Zahl der hapax legomena gehörte, dessen, was nur einmal gesagt worden ist, worüber Menagius ein Buch verfassen wollte.

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

hapax legomenon m (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of hápax legómenon