und

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • vnd (alternative typography) [16th C.]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English unde (a wave), from either the Old French unde or Latin unda (wave).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

und (plural unds)

  1. (obsolete, rare) A wave.
  2. (heraldry) A billow- or wave-like marking.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German unti, from Proto-Germanic *andi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énti. Compare Dutch en, English and, Danish end.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʊnt/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ʊn/ (colloquially among many speakers)
  • (file)

Conjunction[edit]

und

  1. (co-ordinating) and
    Kaffee und Kuchen
    coffee and cake
    Ich kam, sah und siegte.
    I came, saw, and conquered.
    • 1904, Rudolf Eisler, Wörterbuch der philosophischen Begriffe, Berlin, volume 1, sub verbo Ich, page 446-457:
      "Das »Ich = Ich« ist die ursprünglichste Erkenntnis, die Urquelle alles Denkens [..], es bedeutet »erstens die rein logische Identität von Subject und Object im Acte des reinen Selbstbewußtseins, zweitens die reale metaphysische Identität des setzenden absoluten Ich und des gesetzten begrenzten Ich, und drittens die zeitliche Identität des Ich in zwei rasch aufeinander folgenden Zeitpunkten« [...]."

Usage notes[edit]

As seen in the second example, commas are never used before und in (short) enumerations, even where English punctuation requires this. However, commas are used before und in certain complex sentence constructions.

Interjection[edit]

und

  1. so?, now?
    Und? Wie ist es gelaufen?
    So? How did it go?

External links[edit]

  • und in Duden online

External links[edit]

  • und in Duden online

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

und

  1. Romanization of 𐌿𐌽𐌳

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse und, from Proto-Germanic *wundō.

Noun[edit]

und f (genitive singular undar, nominative plural undir)

  1. (poetic) wound
Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Apocopated form of undir.

Preposition[edit]

und

  1. (poetic) under

Old Saxon[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

und (with accusative)

  1. until

Conjunction[edit]

und

  1. until