und

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • vnd [16th C.]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English unde (a wave), from either the Old French unde or Latin unda (wave).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

und (plural unds)

  1. (obsolete, rare) A wave.
  2. (heraldry) A billow- or wave-like marking.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German unti, from Proto-Germanic *andi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énti. Compare Dutch en, English and, Danish end.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʊnt/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ʊn/ (colloquially among many speakers)
  • (file)

Conjunction[edit]

und

  1. (co-ordinating) and
    Kaffee und Kuchen
    coffee and cake
    Ich kam, sah und siegte.
    I came, saw, and conquered.

Usage notes[edit]

As seen in the second example, commas are never used before und in enumerations, even where English punctuation requires this. However, commas are used before und in certain complex sentence constructions.

Interjection[edit]

und

  1. so?, now?
    Und? Wie ist es gelaufen?
    So? How did it go?

External links[edit]

  • und in Duden online

External links[edit]

  • und in Duden online

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

und

  1. Romanization of 𐌿𐌽𐌳

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse und, from Proto-Germanic *wundō.

Noun[edit]

und f (genitive singular undar, nominative plural undir)

  1. (poetic) wound
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Apocopated form of undir.

Preposition[edit]

und

  1. (poetic) under

Old Saxon[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

und (with accusative)

  1. until

Conjunction[edit]

und

  1. until