βάσις

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *gʷə́tis, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷémtis, from the root *gʷem- (step). Synchronically analyzable as βαίνω (baínō, to walk, step) +‎ -σῐς (-sis, nominal suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

βᾰ́σῐς (básisf (genitive βᾰ́σεως); third declension

  1. stepping, step; (collective) steps
  2. measured step or movement; rhythmical or metrical movement
    1. (rhetoric) rhythmical close of a sentence; clause forming transition from protasis to apodosis
    2. (prosody) metrical unit, monometer
  3. foot, leg
  4. base, pedestal; foundation, basement
    • 64 BCE – 24 CE, Strabo, Geography 14.1.14:
      τρία Μύρωνος ἔργα κολοσσικὰ ἱδρυμένα ἐπὶ μιᾶς βάσεως
      of these, three of colossal size, the work of Myron, stood upon one base
  5. (geometry) base of a solid or plane figure
  6. position, fixedness
    Antonym: φορᾱ́ (phorā́)
  7. (astrology) horoscope
    Synonym: ὡροσκόπος (hōroskópos)
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Inflection[edit]

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