βαίνω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The present stem is from Proto-Hellenic *gʷəňňō, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷm̥yéti, from zero-grade of *gʷem- + *-yéti. Cognates include Old English cuman (English come), Latin veniō, and Sanskrit गच्छति (gacchati).

The aorist ἔβην (ébēn), as well as the other tense-forms whose stems do not contain ν (n), is from Proto-Indo-European *gʷeh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

βαίνω (baínō)

  1. (intransitive) to go, step, move on foot
  2. (transitive) to mount (a chariot)
  3. (intransitive) to depart, go away
    1. (euphemistic) to die
  4. perfect βέβηκα (bébēka): (intransitive) to stand, be somewhere
    • 458 BCE, Aeschylus, Agamemnon 36
      Βοῦς ἐπὶ γλώσσῃ μέγας βέβηκεν.
      Boûs epì glṓssēi mégas bébēken.
      A great ox stands on my tongue.
    1. (copulative) to be [+adverb = something]
    2. εὖ () βεβηκώς (bebēkṓs) well off
    3. (geometry) to stand on a base
  5. future βήσω (bḗsō) and aorist ἔβησα (ébēsa): (causative) to make someone dismount

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]