βαίνω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE roots
*gʷem-
*gʷeh₂-

The present stem is from Proto-Hellenic *gʷəňňō, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷm̥yéti, from zero-grade of *gʷem- + *-yéti. Cognates include Sanskrit गच्छति ‎(gacchati), Latin veniō and Old English cuman (English come).

The aorist ἔβην ‎(ébēn) is from Proto-Indo-European *gʷeh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

βαίνω ‎(baínō)

  1. (intransitive) to go, step, move on foot
  2. (transitive) to mount (a chariot)
  3. (intransitive) to depart, go away
    1. (euphemistic) to die
  4. perfect βέβηκα ‎(bébēka): (intransitive) to stand, be somewhere
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon 36
      Βοῦς ἐπὶ γλώσσῃ μέγας βέβηκεν.
      A great ox stands on my tongue.
    1. to be [+adverb = something]
    2. εὖ ‎() βεβηκώς ‎(bebēkṓs) to be well off
    3. (geometry) to stand on a base
  5. future βήσω ‎(bḗsō) and aorist ἔβησα ‎(ébēsa): (causative) to make someone dismount

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]