βαίνω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The present stem is from Proto-Hellenic *gʷəňňō, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷm̥yéti, from zero-grade of *gʷem- + *-yéti. Cognates include Old English cuman (English come), Latin veniō, and Sanskrit गच्छति (gacchati).

The aorist ἔβην (ébēn), as well as the other tense-forms whose stems do not contain ν (n), is from Proto-Indo-European *gʷeh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /baí̯.nɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈbɛ.no/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈβɛ.no/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈve.no/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈve.no/
  • Verb[edit]

    βαίνω (baínō)

    1. (intransitive) to go, step, move on foot
    2. (transitive) to mount (a chariot)
    3. (intransitive) to depart, go away
      1. (euphemistic) to die
    4. perfect βέβηκα (bébēka): (intransitive) to stand, be somewhere
      • 458 BCE, Aeschylus, Agamemnon 36
        Βοῦς ἐπὶ γλώσσῃ μέγας βέβηκεν.
        Boûs epì glṓssēi mégas bébēken.
        A great ox stands on my tongue.
      1. (copulative) to be [+adverb = something]
      2. εὖ () βεβηκώς (bebēkṓs) well off
      3. (geometry) to stand on a base
    5. future βήσω (bḗsō) and aorist ἔβησα (ébēsa): (causative) to make someone dismount

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]