μαλακός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *mlakos. Cognates include Old Irish malcad ‎(rottenness, putrefaction), Old English malsc, and Sanskrit मूर्ख ‎(mūrkha, stupid , foolish , silly , dull).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

μᾰλᾰκός ‎(malakósm, μᾰλᾰκή f, μᾰλᾰκόν n; first/second declension

  1. soft
  2. gentle
    1. light, mild
  3. (of persons, modes of life) soft, mild, gentle
    1. (in a bad sense) soft, yielding, remiss
      1. faint-hearted, effeminate, cowardly
      2. incapable of bearing pain
      3. (of music) soft, effeminate
      4. (of reasoning) weak, loose
  4. effeminate

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

μᾰλᾰκός ‎(malakós) (genitive μᾰλᾰκοῦ); m, second declension

  1. the passive partner in a male homosexual act, catamite
  2. male prostitute (whose customers are also male)

Inflection[edit]



Greek[edit]

Adjective[edit]

μαλακός ‎(malakósm,  feminine: μαλακή (malakí) or μαλακιά (malakiá), neuter: μαλακό (malakó)

  1. soft
  2. meek, compliant
  3. gentle, mild, mild mannered, mellow
  4. (metallurgy) malleable

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]