μαλακός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *mlakos. Cognates include Old Irish malcad (rottenness, putrefaction), Old English malsc, and Sanskrit मूर्ख (mūrkha, stupid, foolish, silly, dull).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ma.la.kós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ma.laˈkos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ma.laˈkos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ma.laˈkos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ma.laˈkos/
  • Adjective[edit]

    μᾰλᾰκός (malakósm (feminine μᾰλᾰκή, neuter μᾰλᾰκόν); first/second declension

    1. soft
    2. gentle
      1. light, mild
    3. (of persons, modes of life) soft, mild, gentle
      1. (in a bad sense) soft, yielding, remiss
        1. faint-hearted, effeminate, cowardly
        2. incapable of bearing pain
        3. (of music) soft, effeminate
        4. (of reasoning) weak, loose
    4. effeminate

    Inflection[edit]

    Antonyms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    μᾰλᾰκός (malakósm (genitive μᾰλᾰκοῦ); second declension

    1. the passive partner in a male homosexual act, catamite
    2. male prostitute (whose customers are also male)

    Inflection[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    μαλακός (malakósm (feminine μαλακή or μαλακιά, neuter μαλακό)

    1. soft
    2. meek, compliant
    3. gentle, mild, mild mannered, mellow
    4. (metallurgy) malleable

    Declension[edit]

    Related terms[edit]