πατήρ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *patḗr (compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀞𐀳 (pa-te)), from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr. Cognates include Old English fæder (English father), Phrygian πατερης (pateres), Latin pater, Sanskrit पितृ (pitṛ), and Old Armenian հայր (hayr).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

πᾰτήρ (patḗrm (genitive πᾰτρός or πᾰτέρος); third declension

  1. father
    1. epithet of Zeus
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.544
        Τὴν δ' ἠμείβετ' ἔπειτα πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε·
        Tḕn d' ēmeíbet' épeita patḕr andrôn te theôn te·
        Then the father of men and gods answered her:
    2. respectful address of an older man
    3. (figuratively) author
    4. (in the plural) forefathers, ancestors

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • πᾰτήρ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • πατήρ in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • πατήρ in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «πατήρ» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • πατήρ in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • G3962”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • BDAG

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ancient Greek πᾰτήρ (patḗr)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [paˈtir]
  • Hyphenation: πα‧τήρ

Noun[edit]

πατήρ (patírm

  1. (religion) God the Father
  2. (literary) father (form of address for monk or priest)
  3. Katharevousa form of πατέρας (patéras), father