στοιχεῖον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

στοῖχος ‎(stoîkhos) +‎ -εῖον ‎(-eîon)

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

στοιχεῖον ‎(stoikheîonn ‎(genitive στοιχείου); second declension stoixeion stoikheion stoicheion may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek στοιχεῖον.

  1. (properly) one of a row:
    1. (in the sun-dial) the shadow of the gnomon, which advances regularly hour after hour
  2. (generally) one of a series, a component part, an element:
    1. a simple sound of the voice, as the first element of language; an elementary sound, as distinct from a letter (γράμμα, grámma)
    2. (physics, chiefly in the plural) any one of the component parts of matter, an element
      1. (Aristotelianism) the material cause of a thing, as opposed to the formal or motive cause (ἀρχή, arkhḗ)
    3. (in the plural) the elements of knowledge and the sciences
      1. (geometry) points, lines, surfaces
      2. (arithmetic) units
      3. (grammar) parts of speech
      4. (logic) the major premisses of syllogisms
      5. (rhetoric) commonplaces
    4. (generally) a simple or elementary principle
    5. (in later writers) a planet
      • Eccl.
      • Vales. ad Eus., H.E. 3.31
      • Manetho 4.624
      1. (chiefly) a sign of the Zodiac

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