գլուխ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian գլուխ (glux).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գլուխ (glux)

  1. (anatomy) head
    կլոր գլուխround head
    գլուխս ցավում էmy head hurts
  2. top, head of something
    գլուխ ելնելglux elnel ― to succeed; to vanquish, to surmount, literally ‘to come up to the top, head’
    գլուխ հանել/բերելglux hanel/berel ― to cope with, to successfully accomplish, literally ‘to take/bring to the top/head’
  3. beginning
    ամսի գլխինin the beginning of the month
  4. chapter of a book
  5. summit of a mountain
  6. mind; head; brains
  7. chief, head, master, leader
  8. head (number of cattle)
  9. person, individual

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Origin is uncertain. Relation to Proto-Slavic *golva is possible. Perhaps a European substrate word.

Noun[edit]

գլուխ (glux

  1. (anatomy) head
    ծածկել գլուխcackel glux ― to be covered, to put on one's hat
    բանալ զգլուխbanal zglux ― to uncover, to take off one's hat
    հանել ընդ գլուխն/ընդ կառափն զյանցանս ուրուքhanel ənd gluxn/ənd kaṙapʿn zyancʿans urukʿ ― to have one's revenge, to punish
    գլուխ ամբառնալglux ambaṙnal ― to revolt
    անկանիլ զգլխովankanil zglxov ― to fall suddenly on the enemy
    դնել զգլուխ ի կշիռսdnel zglux i kšiṙs ― to put one's life in jeopardy
    կալ ի գլուխkal i glux ― to put one's self at the head, to be the leader
  2. extremity; summit, top; end or beginning
    գլուխ նաւիglux nawi ― prow
    գլուխ ցամաքիglux cʿamakʿi ― point, cape
    գլուխ անկեանglux ankean ― angular stone
    գլուխ սեանglux sean ― capital (of a column)
    զայն ութ օրն ի գլուխzayn utʿ ōrn i glux ― all this week
    ի գլուխ հանել, տանել, ածելi glux hanel, tanel, acel ― to finish, to conclude, to bring to a head, to end
    ի գլուխ ելանել, հասանել, գալ, երթալi glux elanel, hasanel, gal, ertʿal ― to be finished or brought to a close, to end, to come to an end
    գլուխ ամսոցglux amsocʿ ― the first day of the month, new moon
    գլուխ տարւոյglux tarwoy ― New Year's day
    գլուխ բանիցglux banicʿ ― exordium, preamble; point, article
    գլուխ ճանապարհացglux čanaparhacʿ ― end of the street
    գլուխ տողինglux tołin ― beginning of a verse
    գլուխ բանիցսglux banicʿs ― finally, at length, in conclusion
  3. (figuratively) chief, head, commander, leader
  4. (figuratively) the first place, the first rank
    գլուխ գործոցglux gorcocʿ ― master-piece
  5. individual, person, head
    ըստ գլխոյ, ըստ գլխոց, ըստ գլուխ, առ գլուխəst glxoy, əst glxocʿ, əst glux, aṙ glux ― by head, for each person; so much a head
    ունել զթիւ գլխոց որդւոցնunel ztʿiw glxocʿ ordwocʿn ― to take the number of the children
    քանի՞ գլուխք պատժոցkʿani? gluxkʿ patžocʿ ― how many punishments?
    առնու Տէր զտէրդ ի գլխոյ քումմէaṙnu Tēr ztērd i glxoy kʿummē ― the Lord will take away thy master from thee
  6. (finance) capital
    գլուխ դրամոցglux dramocʿ ― capital, funds, principal, capital or principal sum
  7. chapter of a book
    գլուխ գրոցglux grocʿ ― chapter

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • գլուխ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գլուխ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գլուխ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 220