آزاد

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See also: أزادand أراد

Kalami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Persian آزاد‎.

Adjective[edit]

آزاد (āzādm

  1. free

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian آزاد(âzâd).

Adjective[edit]

آزاد (azad)

  1. independent, unimpeded
  2. liberal
  3. free

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian ʾcʾt' (āzād, noble; free), from Old Persian *𐎠𐏀𐎠𐎫 (āzāta-), from Proto-Iranian *āzāta-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬁𐬰𐬁𐬙𐬀(āzāta-, noble), Manichaean Middle Persian ʾʾzʾd (āzād), and Parthian 𐭀𐭆𐭀𐭕(āzāt, noble). Akin to Old Armenian ազատ (azat), Georgian აზატი (azaṭi), Iranian borrowings.

Ultimately from the past participle of Proto-Iranian *zan- (to be born), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁-, originally meaning “born (into the clan)” and, by extension, “noble” and “free”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Dari Persian آزاد
Iranian Persian
Tajik озод (ozod)

آزاد (âzâd) (comparative آزادتر‎, superlative آزادترین‎)

  1. independent, unimpeded
  2. liberal
  3. free
  4. loose

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

آزاد (âzâd)

  1. free
  2. loose

Descendants[edit]

  • Tajik: озод (ozod)
  • Azerbaijani: azad
  • Crimean Tatar: azat
  • Gagauz: azat
  • → Hindustani:
    Hindi: आज़ाद (āzād)
    Urdu: آزاد(āzād)
  • → Kurdish:
  • Ottoman Turkish: آزاد(azad)
  • Sindhi: آزاد(āzād)
  • Tatar: азат (azat)
  • Turkmen: azat

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “āzād”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press
  • “ĀZĀD (Iranian Nobility)”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[1], New York, accessed 2015-01-06
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ազատ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press

Sindhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian آزاد(âzâd).

Adjective[edit]

آزاد (āzād)

  1. free
  2. unrestrained

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian آزاد(âzâd).

Adjective[edit]

آزاد (āzād) (Hindi spelling आज़ाद)

  1. free
  2. independent
  3. unrestrained