آزاد

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See also: أزاد and أراد

Kalami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Persianآزاد⁩.

Adjective[edit]

آزاد⁩ (āzādm

  1. free

Kashmiri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianآزاد(āzād).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

آزاد (āzādm or f (Devanagari आज़ाद)

  1. free
  2. independent
  3. unrestrained

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

Khalaj[edit]

Adjective[edit]

آزاد⁩ (âzâd)

  1. Arabic spelling of âzâd (free)

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persianآزاد(âzâd), likely before the Ottoman Turkish era because the word is attested in other Turkic languages since the 11th century.

Adjective[edit]

آزاد (azad)

  1. independent, unimpeded
  2. liberal
  3. free

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Turkish: azat
  • Greek: αζάτι (azáti)

References[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian ʾcʾt' (/⁠āzād⁠/, noble; free), from Old Persian *𐎠𐏀𐎠𐎫 (*a-z-a-t /⁠āzāta-⁠/), a northwestern borrowing from Proto-Iranian *āzāta-. Cognate with Avestan𐬁𐬰𐬁𐬙𐬀(āzāta, noble), Manichaean Middle Persian [script needed] (ʾʾzʾd /⁠āzād⁠/), and Parthian𐭀𐭆𐭀𐭕(ʾzʾt /⁠āzāt⁠/, noble). Akin to Old Armenian ազատ (azat), Georgian აზატი (azaṭi), Iranian borrowings.

Ultimately from the past participle of Proto-Iranian *zan- (to be born), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁-, originally meaning “born (into the clan)” and, by extension, “noble” and “free”.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? āzāḏ
Dari reading? āzād
Iranian reading? âzâd
Tajik reading? ozod
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

Dari آزاد
Iranian Persian
Tajik озод

آزاد (âzâd) (comparativeآزادتَر(âzâd-tar), superlativeآزادتَرین(âzâd-tarin))

  1. independent, unimpeded
  2. liberal
  3. free
  4. loose

Inflection[edit]

    Predicative forms of ⁧آزاد(âzâd)
singular plural
1st person
(“I am, we are”)
آزادم
(âzâdam)
آزادیم
(âzâdim)
2nd person
(“you are”)
آزادی
(âzâdi)
آزادید
(âzâdid)
آزادین
(âzâdin)
3rd person
(“he/she/it is, they are”)
آزاد است
(âzâd ast)
آزاده
(âzâde)
آزادند
(âzâdand)
آزادن
(âzâdan)
Colloquial.

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

آزاد (âzâd)

  1. free
  2. loose

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “āzād”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press
  • “ĀZĀD (Iranian Nobility)”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[2], New York, accessed 2015-01-06
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ազատ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press

Sindhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianآزاد(āzād).

Adjective[edit]

آزاد⁩ (āzād) (Devanagari आज़ादु)

  1. free
  2. unrestrained

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianآزاد(āzād).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

آزاد (āzād) (indeclinable, Hindi spelling आज़ाद)

  1. free, independent
  2. liberated
  3. (by extension) safe (from fear, worry etc.)
  4. (by extension) released, freed (from enslavement or bondage etc.)
  5. (politics) self-governing, independent
  6. unrestrained
  7. progressive, liberal (often euphemistic)
  8. (rare) universal

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • آزاد”, in اُردُو لُغَت(urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • آزاد”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت(rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English] (in English), Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “آزاد”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “آزاد”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co.
  • S. W. Fallon (1879), “آزاد”, in A New Hindustani-English Dictionary, Banaras, London: Trubner and Co.
  • John Shakespear (1834), “آزاد”, in A dictionary, Hindustani and English: with a copious index, fitting the work to serve, also, as a dictionary of English and Hindustani, 3rd edition, London: J.L. Cox and Son, →OCLC