جنگ

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See also:جنګ⁩, ⁧خنک⁩, ⁧چنگ⁩, ⁧خنگ⁩, ⁧حنك⁩, ⁧جنک, andجنك

Baluchi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

جنگ (jang)

  1. war

Etymology 2[edit]

from Proto-Iranian *ǰántī, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ǰʰánti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰénti (to slay, strike). Cognate with Persianزدن(zadan).

Verb[edit]

جنگ (janag)

  1. to hit

Brahui[edit]

Noun[edit]

جنگ⁩ (transliteration needed)

  1. war

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (yng), ⁧𐫋𐫗𐫗𐫃(jnng /⁠ǰang⁠/, struggle, fight)).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? jang
Dari reading? jang
Iranian reading? jang
Tajik reading? jang

Noun[edit]

Dari جنگ
Iranian Persian
Tajik ҷанг

جَنْگ (jang) (pluralجنگ‌ها(jang-hâ))

  1. war
    جَنْگِ داخِلی⁩ ― jang-e dâxelicivil war
  2. fight
  3. (usually informal) dispute, argument
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Bengali: জঙ্গ (joṅgo)
  • Crimean Tatar: cenk
  • Hindustani
  • Gujarati: જંગ (jaṅg)
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧جنك
  • Northern Kurdish: ceng
  • Punjabi:
    Shahmukhi script: ⁧جنگ(jaṅg)
    Gurmukhi script: ਜੰਗ (jaṅg)
  • > Tajik: ҷанг (jang) (inherited)
  • Turkmen: jeň

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “ǰang”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 46

Etymology 2[edit]

From Hindi जंग (jaṅg) or Malay jong.

Noun[edit]

جنگ (jong)

  1. junk (type of ship)
  2. (figuratively) anthology

Etymology 3[edit]

Cognate Mazanderaniجونیکا(junikâ, bullock).

Noun[edit]

جنگ (jong)

  1. young camel

Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianجنگ(jang), from Middle Persian𐫋𐫗𐫗𐫃(yng /⁠ǰang⁠/).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جنگ (jaṅgm (Gurmukhi spelling ਜੰਗ)

  1. war

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianجنگ(jang).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جَن٘گ (jaṅgf (Hindi spelling जंग)

  1. war
  2. battle
  3. fight
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sanskrit युज् (yuj).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جُن٘گ (juṅgf (Hindi spelling जुंग)

  1. emotion
  2. impulse
  3. volume (of books)