خواردن

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Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Persian خوردن ‎(xordan, to eat). From Proto-Iranian *hwar- ‎(to eat, consume). Cognates include Kurdish xwarin (to eat) and vexwarin (to drink), Pashto خوړل ‎(khwaṟël, to eat), Ossetian хӕрд ‎(xærd, food) and Avestan 𐬓𐬀𐬭𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 ‎(xᵛaraiti, to consume, eat). Compare also Old Armenian խորտիկ ‎(xortik, food) and խորակ ‎(xorak, kind of pastry), Iranian borrowings.

Original meaning of the root was "to take". During the Proto-Iranian period it replaced the native Indo-European root for "to eat" *h₁ed- (>Proto-Iranian *Had-; compare Latin edō, Ancient Greek ἔδω ‎(édō), English eat), perhaps originally being used in a more informal way. The other root has been preserved in several nominal formations, such as Persian اسپست ‎(aspast, alfalfa) and Ossetian ад ‎(ad, taste).

Verb[edit]

خواردن ‎(xvârdan) ‎(present stem خوار ‎(xvâr))

  1. (dialectal) to eat
  2. (dialectal) to drink

References[edit]

  • Hayyim, Sulayman (1934–1936), “خواردن”, in New Persian–English dictionary, Teheran: Librairie-imprimerie Beroukhim
  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 147

Southern Kurdish[edit]

Verb[edit]

خواردن ‎(xwardin)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to eat

Latin script[edit]