خوردن

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Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian xwar-, from Proto-Iranian *hwar- ‎(to eat, consume). Cognates include Kurdish xwarin (to eat) and vexwarin (to drink), Pashto خوړل ‎(khwaṟël, to eat), Ossetian хӕрд ‎(xærd, food) and Avestan 𐬓𐬀𐬭𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 ‎(xᵛaraiti, to consume, eat). Compare also Old Armenian խորտիկ ‎(xortik, food) and խորակ ‎(xorak, kind of pastry), Iranian borrowings.

Original meaning of the root was "to take". During the Proto-Iranian period it replaced the native Indo-European root for "to eat" *h₁ed- (>Proto-Iranian *Had-; compare Latin edō, Ancient Greek ἔδω ‎(édō), English eat), perhaps originally being used in a more informal way. The other root has been preserved in several nominal formations, such as Persian اسپست ‎(aspast, alfalfa) and Ossetian ад ‎(ad, taste).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

Dari خوردن
Iranian Persian خوردن
Tajik хӯрдан ‎(xürdan)

خوردن ‎(xordan) ‎(present stem خور ‎(xor))

  1. to eat
    امروز چی خورده‌ای؟
    Emruz či xordí?
    What have you eaten today?
  2. to drink

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • خوردن in Hayyim, Sulayman (1934-1936), New Persian–English dictionary, Teheran: Librairie-imprimerie Beroukhim
  • Johnny Cheung (2007), Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb, Ledien, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 147