وتر

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Arabic

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Root
و ت ر (w-t-r)

Verb

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وَتَرَ (watara) I, non-past يَتِرُ‎ (yatiru)

  1. to string (as a bow), to provide with a string
  2. to wrong, to harm, to cheat, to dupe

Conjugation

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Verb

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وَتَّرَ (wattara) II, non-past يُوَتِّرُ‎ (yuwattiru)

  1. to stretch, to strain, to draw tight, to pull taut

Conjugation

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Adjective

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وَتْر or وِتْر (watr or witr)

  1. uneven
  2. odd (numbers)

Declension

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Noun

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وَتَر (watarm (plural أَوْتَار (ʔawtār))

  1. string
  2. (anatomy) sinew, tendon
  3. (geometry, music) chord
  4. (geometry) hypotenuse

Declension

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Descendants

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  • Azerbaijani: vətər

Noun

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وَتْر (watrm

  1. verbal noun of وَتَرَ (watara) (form I)

Declension

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References

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  • Freytag, Georg (1837) “وتر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum[1] (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 432
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860) “وتر”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc[2] (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 1480
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) “وتر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans with Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) “وتر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart[3] (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 1372

Punjabi

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Etymology

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Inherited from Sanskrit *वप्त्र (vaptra).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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وَتَّر (vattarm (Gurmukhi spelling ਵੱਤਰ)

  1. moist land (ie. soil that is fertile/suitable for farming)
  2. knack; method

Declension

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2=vattar

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Declension of وتر
dir. sg. وَتَّر (vattar)
dir. pl. وَتَّر (vattar)
singular plural
direct وَتَّر (vattar) وَتَّر (vattar)
oblique وَتَّر (vattar) وَتَّراں (vattarāṉ)
vocative وَتَّرا (vattarā) وَتَّرو (vattaro)
ablative وَتَّروں (vattaroṉ)
locative وَتَّرے (vattare) وَتَّرِیں (vattarīṉ)
instrumental وَتَّرے (vattare) وَتَّرِیں (vattarīṉ)

Further reading

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  • Iqbal, Salah ud-Din (2002) “وتّر”, in vaḍḍī panjābī lughat‎ (in Punjabi), Lahore: ʻAzīz Pablisharz
  • ਵੱਤਰ”, in Punjabi-English Dictionary, Patiala: Punjabi University, 2024
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) “*vaptra”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 658

Urdu

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Arabic وتر (watar).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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وتر (vatarm (Hindi spelling वतर)

  1. hypotenuse

Etymology 2

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From Arabic وِتْر (witr).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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وِتْر (vitrm (Hindi spelling वित्र)

  1. odd, alone
  2. (Islam) Witr, a salah done after Isha and before Fajr

References

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Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971) “وتر”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.

Ushojo

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Noun

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وتر (vatar)

  1. threshing the field before ploughing