چراغ

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Khalaj[edit]

Noun[edit]

چِراغ⁩ (çirâğ) (definite accusativeچِراغؽ⁩, pluralچِراغلار⁩)

  1. Arabic spelling of çirâğ (lamp)

Declension[edit]

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Iranian Persianچراغ(čerâğ, čarâğ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ⁧چ‧راغ

Noun[edit]

چراغ (çerağ, çirağ)

  1. lantern, lamp, especially an oil lamp
    Synonyms:سراج(sirac), ⁧قندیل(kandil), ⁧لامپه(lampa), ⁧مصباح(mısbah)
  2. light, any source of light
    Synonyms:ایشق(ışık), ⁧سراج(sirac)
  3. wick, candlewick
    Synonyms:سراج(sirac), ⁧فتیل(fitil)
  4. illuminator; teacher, mentor

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Turkish: çirağ

Further reading[edit]

Pashto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persianچراغ⁩.

Noun[edit]

چراغ (čirā́ǧm (pluralچراغان(čiraǧā́n))

  1. candle; lamp
  2. illumination

References[edit]

  • Pashtoon, Zeeya A. (2009), “⁧چراغ⁩”, in Pashto–English Dictionary, Hyattsville: Dunwoody Press, page 554

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Parthian𐫝𐫡𐫀𐫃(crʾg /⁠čirāγ⁠/, lamp). Compare Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (clʾγ), ⁧𐫝𐫡𐫀𐫍(crʾh /⁠čirāγ⁠/, lamp), Sogdian [script needed] (crʾʾγ /⁠čarāγ⁠/), Ossetian цырагъ (cyraǧ). Iranian borrowings: Old Armenian ճրագ (črag), Classical Syriacܫܪܓܐ(šərāḡāʾ), Arabicسِرَاج(sirāj).

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Related to Proto-Indo-Iranian *čitrás (bright, shining)?”

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Dari, formal) IPA(key): [t͡ʃʰɪ.ɾɑːɣ], [t͡ʃʰä.ɾɑːɣ]
    • (Kabuli) IPA(key): [t͡ʃʰɪ.ɾɑːɣ], [t͡ʃʰä.ɾɑːɣ]
    • (Hazaragi) IPA(key): [t͡ʃʰi.ɾɔːɣ], [t͡ʃʰä.ɾɔːɣ]

Readings
Classical reading? čirāğ, čarāğ
Dari reading? čirāğ, čarāğ
Iranian reading? čerâğ, čarâğ
Tajik reading? čaroġ
Dari چراغ
Iranian Persian
Tajik чароғ

Noun[edit]

چراغ (čerâğ) (pluralچراغ‌ها(čerâğ-hâ))

  1. lamp
  2. light
  3. stove

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianچراغ(čirâğ, čarâğ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

چِراغorچَراغ (cirāġ or carāġm (Hindi spelling चिराग़ or चराग़)

  1. lamp
  2. light

Declension[edit]

Declension of ⁧چراغ
singular plural
direct چراغ(cirāġ) چراغ(cirāġ)
oblique چراغ(cirāġ) چراغوں(cirāġō̃)
vocative چراغ(cirāġ) چراغو(cirāġō)

Synonyms[edit]