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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܟ-ܬ-ܒ (k-t-b) related to writing. Compare Arabic كِتَاب (kitāb) and Hebrew כְּתָב (kəṯāḇ).


  • IPA(key): [k(ə)θɑvɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [k(ə)θɑve(ʔ)] (plural)


ܟܬܒܐ (kṯāḇām (plural ܟܬܒܐ)

  1. book
  2. writing, scripture, script
  3. handwriting
  4. inscription, superscription, title
  5. tattoo
  6. record, agreement, contract, decree, bill, bond


Derived terms[edit]


  • ktb”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 165a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 230b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pp. 660b-661a