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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܚ-ܠ-ܦ(ḥ-l-p).


  • IPA(key): [ʃuħlɑfɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃuħlɑfe(ʔ)] (plural)


ܫܘܚܠܦܐ ‎(transliteration neededm ‎(plural ܫܘܚܠܦܐ)

  1. change, alteration, transformation
  2. exchange, transfer
  3. conversion, apostasy
  4. variety, variation, difference, separation
  5. sort, kind, species
  6. degree
  7. season, tropic
  8. (astronomy) parallax, solstice
  9. (music) modulation; tone
  10. compensation
  11. caprice, mood, humor/humour



  • $wxlp”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 107a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 564a-b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pp. 1522b-1523a