अश्रु

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See also: अश्रि

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अश्रु (áśru), from Proto-Indo-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱru-, from compound *dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru- (eye bitter) (compare *dáḱru-). Cognate with Greek δάκρυ (dákry), Lithuanian ašara, Latvian asara, English tear.

Noun[edit]

अश्रु (aśrum (Urdu spelling اشر)|tr=aśru

  1. (poetic, uncommon) tear

Related terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱru-, from compound *dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru- (eye bitter) (compare *dáḱru-). Cognates include Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬭𐬏- (asrū-), 𐬀𐬯𐬭𐬏𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬥 (asrūazan), Lithuanian ãšara, Ancient Greek δάκρυ (dákru), Hittite 𒅖𒄩𒀪𒊒 (isḫaḫru), Tocharian A ākär, Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌲𐍂 (tagr), Old Armenian արտաւսր (artawsr), Latin lacrima, and Old English tēar (English tear).

Noun[edit]

अश्रु (áśrun

  1. tear
    with √muc, √kṛ or √vṛt — to shed tears, weep
    • RV 10.95.12b
      कदा सूनुः पितरं जात इछाच्चक्रन नाश्रु वर्तयद्विजानन ।
      को दम्पती समनसा वि यूयोदध यदग्निःश्वशुरेषु दीदयत ॥
      kadā sūnuḥ pitaraṃ jāta ichāccakrana nāśru vartayadvijānana .
      ko dampatī samanasā vi yūyodadha yadagniḥśvaśureṣu dīdayata .
      When will the son be born and seek his father? Mourner-like, will he weep when first he knows him?
      Who shall divide the accordant wife and husband, while fire is shining with thy consort's parents?

Declension[edit]

Neuter u-stem declension of अश्रु
Nom. sg. अश्रु (aśru)
Gen. sg. अश्रुणः (aśruṇaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अश्रु (aśru) अश्रुणी (aśruṇī) अश्रूणि (aśrūṇi)
Vocative अश्रु (aśru) अश्रुणी (aśruṇī) अश्रूणि (aśrūṇi)
Accusative अश्रु (aśru) अश्रुणी (aśruṇī) अश्रूणि (aśrūṇi)
Instrumental अश्रुणा (aśruṇā) अश्रुभ्याम् (aśrubhyām) अश्रुभिः (aśrubhiḥ)
Dative अश्रुणे (aśruṇe) अश्रुभ्याम् (aśrubhyām) अश्रुभ्यः (aśrubhyaḥ)
Ablative अश्रुणः (aśruṇaḥ) अश्रुभ्याम् (aśrubhyām) अश्रुभ्यः (aśrubhyaḥ)
Genitive अश्रुणः (aśruṇaḥ) अश्रुणोः (aśruṇoḥ) अश्रूणाम् (aśrūṇām)
Locative अश्रुणि (aśruṇi) अश्रुणोः (aśruṇoḥ) अश्रुषु (aśruṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • अश्रु” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, OCLC 186102264, page 51.
  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0114
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 033
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 089