अश्रु

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See also: अश्रि

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit अश्रु (áśru), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háśru, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háćru, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱru-, from compound *dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru- (eye bitter) (compare *dáḱru-). Cognate with Greek δάκρυ (dákry), Lithuanian ašara, Latvian asara, English tear.

Doublet of आँसू (ā̃sū), a tadbhava.

Noun[edit]

अश्रु (aśrum (Urdu spelling اشر‎)

  1. (poetic, uncommon) tear

Related terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háśru, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háćru, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱru, from compound *dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru- (eye bitter) (compare *dáḱru-). Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬭𐬏-(asrū-), 𐬀𐬯𐬭𐬏𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬥(asrūazan), Lithuanian ãšara, Ancient Greek δάκρυ (dákru), Hittite 𒅖𒄩𒀪𒊒 (isḫaḫru), Tocharian A ākär, Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌲𐍂 (tagr), Old Armenian արտաւսր (artawsr), Latin lacrima, and Old English tēar (whence English tear).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

अश्रु (áśrun

  1. tear
    with √muc, √kṛ or √vṛt — to shed tears, weep
    • RV 10.95.12b
      कदा सूनुः पितरं जात इछाच्चक्रन नाश्रु वर्तयद्विजानन ।
      को दम्पती समनसा वि यूयोदध यदग्निःश्वशुरेषु दीदयत ॥
      kadā sūnuḥ pitaraṃ jāta ichāccakrana nāśru vartayadvijānana .
      ko dampatī samanasā vi yūyodadha yadagniḥśvaśureṣu dīdayata .
      When will the son be born and seek his father? Mourner-like, will he weep when first he knows him?
      Who shall divide the accordant wife and husband, while fire is shining with thy consort's parents?

Declension[edit]

Neuter u-stem declension of अश्रु (áśru)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अश्रु
áśru
अश्रुणी
áśruṇī
अश्रू / अश्रु / अश्रूणि¹
áśrū / áśru / áśrūṇi¹
Vocative अश्रु / अश्रो
áśru / áśro
अश्रुणी
áśruṇī
अश्रू / अश्रु / अश्रूणि¹
áśrū / áśru / áśrūṇi¹
Accusative अश्रु
áśru
अश्रुणी
áśruṇī
अश्रू / अश्रु / अश्रूणि¹
áśrū / áśru / áśrūṇi¹
Instrumental अश्रुणा / अश्र्वा²
áśruṇā / áśrvā²
अश्रुभ्याम्
áśrubhyām
अश्रुभिः
áśrubhiḥ
Dative अश्रवे / अश्र्वे³
áśrave / áśrve³
अश्रुभ्याम्
áśrubhyām
अश्रुभ्यः
áśrubhyaḥ
Ablative अश्रोः / अश्रुणः¹ / अश्र्वः³
áśroḥ / áśruṇaḥ¹ / áśrvaḥ³
अश्रुभ्याम्
áśrubhyām
अश्रुभ्यः
áśrubhyaḥ
Genitive अश्रोः / अश्रुणः¹ / अश्र्वः³
áśroḥ / áśruṇaḥ¹ / áśrvaḥ³
अश्रुणोः
áśruṇoḥ
अश्रूणाम्
áśrūṇām
Locative अश्रुणि¹
áśruṇi¹
अश्रुणोः
áśruṇoḥ
अश्रुषु
áśruṣu
Notes
  • ¹Later Sanskrit
  • ²Vedic
  • ³Less common

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • अश्रु” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 51.
  • Monier Williams (1899), “अश्रु”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0114.
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 033
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 089