अश्रु

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit अश्रु ‎(aśru), from Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱru-, from compound *dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru- ‎(eye bitter) (compare *dáḱru-). Cognate with Greek δάκρυ ‎(dákry), Lithuanian ašara, English tear.

Noun[edit]

अश्रु ‎(aśrum ‎(Urdu spelling اشر)

  1. tear

Related terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱru-, from compound *dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru- ‎(eye bitter) (compare *dáḱru-). Cognates include Avestan asrū-, asrūazan, Lithuanian ãšara, Ancient Greek δάκρυ ‎(dákru), Hittite 𒅖𒄩𒀪𒊒 ‎(isḫaḫru), Tocharian A ākär, Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌲𐍂 ‎(tagr), Old Armenian արտաւսր ‎(artawsr), Latin lacrima, and Old English tēar (English tear).

Noun[edit]

अश्रु ‎(áśrun

  1. tear
    with √muc, √kṛ or √vṛt — to shed tears, weep
    कदा सूनुः पितरं जात इछाच्चक्रन नाश्रु वर्तयद्विजानन |
    को दम्पती समनसा वि यूयोदध यदग्निःश्वशुरेषु दीदयत ||
    kadā sūnuḥ pitaraṃ jāta ichāccakran nāśru vartayadvijānan |
    ko dampatī samanasā vi yūyodadha yadaghniḥśvaśureṣu dīdayat ||
    When will the son be born and seek his father? Mourner-like, will he weep when first he knows him?
    Who shall divide the accordant wife and husband, while fire is shining with thy consort's parents?

Declension[edit]

Neuter u-stem declension of अश्रु
Nom. sg. अश्रु ‎(aśru)
Gen. sg. अश्रुणः ‎(aśruṇaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अश्रु ‎(aśru) अश्रुणी ‎(aśruṇī) अश्रूणि ‎(aśrūṇi)
Vocative अश्रु ‎(aśru) अश्रुणी ‎(aśruṇī) अश्रूणि ‎(aśrūṇi)
Accusative अश्रु ‎(aśru) अश्रुणी ‎(aśruṇī) अश्रूणि ‎(aśrūṇi)
Instrumental अश्रुणा ‎(aśruṇā) अश्रुभ्याम् ‎(aśrubhyām) अश्रुभिः ‎(aśrubhiḥ)
Dative अश्रुणे ‎(aśruṇe) अश्रुभ्याम् ‎(aśrubhyām) अश्रुभ्यः ‎(aśrubhyaḥ)
Ablative अश्रुणः ‎(aśruṇaḥ) अश्रुभ्याम् ‎(aśrubhyām) अश्रुभ्यः ‎(aśrubhyaḥ)
Genitive अश्रुणः ‎(aśruṇaḥ) अश्रुणोः ‎(aśruṇoḥ) अश्रूणाम् ‎(aśrūṇām)
Locative अश्रुणि ‎(aśruṇi) अश्रुणोः ‎(aśruṇoḥ) अश्रुषु ‎(aśruṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0114
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 033
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 089
  • Carl Capeller, A Sanskrit-English dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg lexicons, London: Luzac & Co., 1891, page 051