देव

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Awadhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (devá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one)

Noun[edit]

देव (dev) (plural देवन)

  1. deity, god, deva
    • Tulsidas, संकटमोचन हनुमानाष्टक
      देवन आनि करी बिनती
      devan āni karī bintī

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (devá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

देव (devm (Urdu spelling ديو)

  1. (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism) deity, god, deva
    Synonyms: देवता (devtā), भगवान (bhagvān)

Usage notes[edit]

The use of देव (dev) is generally restricted to compound words and proper names (रामदेव (rāmdev), हरदेव (hardev), etc.)

Declension[edit]

Declension of देव
Singular Plural
Direct देव (dev) देव (dev)
Oblique देव (dev) देवों (devõ)
Vocative देव (dev) देवो (devo)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

देव (devm (Urdu spelling ديو)

  1. A male given name, equivalent to English Dev

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “देव”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (devá); from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one)

Noun[edit]

देव (transliteration neededm

  1. god

Rajasthani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit देव (devá); from Proto-Indo-European *devá-, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one)

Noun[edit]

देव (dev?

  1. deity
  2. god

Related terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one). Cognate with Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 (daēva), Classical Persian دیو (dēv), and Latin deus, divus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /d̪ɐj.ʋɐ́/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈd̪eː.ʋɐ/
  • Adjective[edit]

    देव (devá)

    1. heavenly, divine, also said of terrestrial things of high excellence (Rigvedic)

    Noun[edit]

    देव (devám

    1. deity, god, the gods as the heavenly or shining ones, often reckoned as numbering 33, either 11 for each of the 3 worlds, or or 8 vasus, 11 rudras, and 12 ādityas, to which the 2 aśvins must be added. (Rigvedic, also accented déva according to Panini 3.3.120)
    2. rarely also of evil demons (Atharvaveda, Taittiriya Samhita)
    3. Name of Indra as the god of the sky and giver of rain (Epics)
    4. the image of a god, an idol (Vishnu-Smriti)
    5. a god on earth or among men, either Brahman, priest or king, prince, as a title of honour, especially in the vocative "your majesty" or " your honour" (Rigvedic)
    6. Name of the number 33 (Gaṇitādhyāya)
    7. as a given name, diminutive of देवदत्त (devadatta) (Panini 5.3.83)

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of देव (devá)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative देवः
    deváḥ
    देवौ
    devaú
    देवाः / देवासः¹
    devā́ḥ / devā́saḥ¹
    Vocative देव
    déva
    देवौ
    dévau
    देवाः / देवासः¹
    dévāḥ / dévāsaḥ¹
    Accusative देवम्
    devám
    देवौ
    devaú
    देवान्
    devā́n
    Instrumental देवेन
    devéna
    देवाभ्याम्
    devā́bhyām
    देवैः / देवेभिः¹
    devaíḥ / devébhiḥ¹
    Dative देवाय
    devā́ya
    देवाभ्याम्
    devā́bhyām
    देवेभ्यः
    devébhyaḥ
    Ablative देवात्
    devā́t
    देवाभ्याम्
    devā́bhyām
    देवेभ्यः
    devébhyaḥ
    Genitive देवस्य
    devásya
    देवयोः
    deváyoḥ
    देवानाम्
    devā́nām
    Locative देवे
    devé
    देवयोः
    deváyoḥ
    देवेषु
    devéṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 492