देव

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*dyew-

From Sanskrit देव ‎(devá); from Proto-Indo-Iranian *devá-, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós ‎(god, the celestial one); cognate with Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 ‎(daēva), Persian دیو ‎(dēv), and Latin deus, divus. See daeva for more.

Noun[edit]

देव ‎(devm ‎(Urdu spelling ديو)

  1. deity, god
    See देवता ‎(devtā) for more information.

Usage notes[edit]

The use of देव ‎(dev) is generally restricted to compound words and proper names (रामदेव ‎(rāmdev), हरदेव ‎(hardev), etc.)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “देव”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Rajasthani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit देव ‎(devá); from Proto-Indo-Iranian *devá-, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós ‎(god, the celestial one); cognate with Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 ‎(daēva), Persian دیو ‎(dēv), and Latin deus, divus. See daeva for more.

Noun[edit]

देव ‎(dev?

  1. deity
  2. god

Related terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *devá-, Proto-Indo-European *deywós ‎(god, the celestial one); cognate with Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 ‎(daēva), Persian دیو ‎(dēv), and Latin deus, divus. See daeva for more.

Adjective[edit]

देव ‎(devám

  1. heavenly, divine, also said of terrestrial things of high excellence (Rigvedic)

Noun[edit]

देव ‎(devám

  1. deity, god, the gods as the heavenly or shining ones, often reckoned as numbering 33, either 11 for each of the 3 worlds, or or 8 vasus , 11 rudras , and 12 ādityas, to which the 2 aśvins must be added. (Rigvedic, also accented déva according to Panini 3.3.120);
  2. rarely also of evil demons (Atharvaveda, Taittiriya Samhita)
  3. Name of Indra as the god of the sky and giver of rain (Epics)
  4. the image of a god, an idol (Vishnu-Smriti)
  5. a god on earth or among men, either Brahman, priest or king, prince, as a title of honour, especially in the vocative "your majesty" or " your honour" (Rigvedic)
  6. Name of the number 33 (Gaṇitādhyāya)
  7. as a given name, Diminutive of देवदत्त ‎(devadatta) (Panini 5.3.83)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of देव
Nom. sg. देवः ‎(devaḥ)
Gen. sg. देवस्य ‎(devasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative देवः ‎(devaḥ) देवौ ‎(devau) देवाः ‎(devāḥ)
Vocative देव ‎(deva) देवौ ‎(devau) देवाः ‎(devāḥ)
Accusative देवम् ‎(devam) देवौ ‎(devau) देवान् ‎(devān)
Instrumental देवेन ‎(devena) देवाभ्याम् ‎(devābhyām) देवैः ‎(devaiḥ)
Dative देवाय ‎(devāya) देवाभ्याम् ‎(devābhyām) देवेभ्यः ‎(devebhyaḥ)
Ablative देवात् ‎(devāt) देवाभ्याम् ‎(devābhyām) देवेभ्यः ‎(devebhyaḥ)
Genitive देवस्य ‎(devasya) देवयोः ‎(devayoḥ) देवानाम् ‎(devānām)
Locative देवे ‎(deve) देवयोः ‎(devayoḥ) देवेषु ‎(deveṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 492