देव

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Awadhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (devá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one)

Noun[edit]

देव (dev) (plural देवन)

  1. deity, god, deva
    • Tulsidas, संकटमोचन हनुमानाष्टक
      देवन आनि करी बिनती
      devan āni karī bintī

Hindi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (devá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

देव (devm (Urdu spelling دیو)

  1. (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism) deity, god, deva
    Synonyms: देवता (devtā), भगवान (bhagvān)
Usage notes[edit]

The use of देव (dev) is generally restricted to compound words and proper names (रामदेव (rāmdev), हरदेव (hardev), etc.)

Declension[edit]
Declension of देव
Singular Plural
Direct देव (dev) देव (dev)
Oblique देव (dev) देवों (devõ)
Vocative देव (dev) देवो (devo)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

देव (devm (Urdu spelling دیو)

  1. A male given name, equivalent to English Dev

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Persian دیو (div) and also Sanskrit देव (deva, god and, rarely, demon).

Noun[edit]

देव (devm (Urdu spelling دیو)

  1. demon
  2. jinn, genie
  3. giant

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “देव”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “देव”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “dēvá (6523)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (devá); from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one)

Noun[edit]

देव (transliteration neededm

  1. god

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *daywás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one). Cognate with Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 (daēva), Classical Persian دیو (dēv), Latin deus, divus.

Noun[edit]

  1. Devanagari script form of deva

Declension[edit]


Rajasthani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (devá); from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one)

Noun[edit]

देव (dev?

  1. deity
  2. god

Related terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *daywás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one). Cognate with Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 (daēva), Classical Persian دیو (dēv), Latin deus, divus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

देव (devá) (Vedic daivá)

  1. heavenly, divine, also said of terrestrial things of high excellence (Rigvedic)

Noun[edit]

देव (devám (Vedic daivá)

  1. deity, god, the gods as the heavenly or shining ones, often reckoned as numbering 33, either 11 for each of the 3 worlds, or or 8 vasus, 11 rudras, and 12 ādityas, to which the 2 aśvins must be added. (Rigvedic, also accented déva according to Panini 3.3.120)
  2. rarely also of evil demons (Atharvaveda, Taittiriya Samhita)
  3. Name of Indra as the god of the sky and giver of rain (Epics)
  4. the image of a god, an idol (Vishnu-Smriti)
  5. a god on earth or among men, either Brahman, priest or king, prince, as a title of honour, especially in the vocative "your majesty" or " your honour" (Rigvedic)
  6. Name of the number 33 (Gaṇitādhyāya)
  7. as a given name, diminutive of देवदत्त (devadatta) (Panini 5.3.83)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of देव (devá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative देवः
deváḥ
देवौ
devaú
देवाः / देवासः¹
devā́ḥ / devā́saḥ¹
Vocative देव
déva
देवौ
dévau
देवाः / देवासः¹
dévāḥ / dévāsaḥ¹
Accusative देवम्
devám
देवौ
devaú
देवान्
devā́n
Instrumental देवेन
devéna
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवैः / देवेभिः¹
devaíḥ / devébhiḥ¹
Dative देवाय
devā́ya
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवेभ्यः
devébhyaḥ
Ablative देवात्
devā́t
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवेभ्यः
devébhyaḥ
Genitive देवस्य
devásya
देवयोः
deváyoḥ
देवानाम्
devā́nām
Locative देवे
devé
देवयोः
deváyoḥ
देवेषु
devéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]