नाक

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Garhwali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Prakrit णक्क (ṇakka, nose).

Noun[edit]

नाक (nākf

  1. nose

Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi
नाक

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /nɑːk/, [n̪äːk]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Prakrit णक्क (ṇakka, nose).

Noun[edit]

नाक (nākf (Urdu spelling ناک‎)

  1. (anatomy) nose
    मैं नाक से साँस लेता हूँ।
    ma͠i nāk se sā̃s letā hū̃.
    I breathe through my nose.
    कई लड़कियों की नाक छिदी होती हैं।
    kaī laṛkiyõ kī nāk chidī hotī ha͠i.
    Many girls have their noses pierced.
    Synonyms: नासा (nāsā), नासिका (nāsikā)
  2. mucus, phlegm

Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit नाक (nā́ka).

Adjective[edit]

नाक (nāk) (indeclinable, Urdu spelling ناک‎)

  1. (rare) happy, painless

Noun[edit]

नाक (nākm (Urdu spelling ناک‎) (rare)

  1. heaven
  2. sky
  3. sun
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:सूरज

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Prakrit णक्क (ṇakka, nose).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

नाक (nākn

  1. (anatomy) nose

Further reading[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “नाक”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas, “नाक”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press, 1857.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley, “nāk”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, 1969–1985.

Nepali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Prakrit णक्क (ṇakka, nose).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

नाक (nāk)

  1. (anatomy) nose

Declension[edit]

Declension of नाक
Singular Plural
nominative नाक (nāk) नाकहरू (nākharū)
accusative नाकलाई (nāklāī) नाकहरूलाई (nākharūlāī)
instrumental नाकले (nākle) नाकहरूले (nākharūle)
dative नाकलाई (nāklāī) नाकहरूलाई (nākharūlāī)
ablative नाकबाट (nākbāṭa) नाकहरूबाट (nākharūbāṭa)
genitive नाकको (nākko) नाकहरूको (nākharūko)
locative नाकमा (nākmā) नाकहरूमा (nākharūmā)
Notes:
  • -को (-ko) becomes:
    • -का (-kā) when followed by a plural noun.
    • -की (-kī) when followed by a feminine noun.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • नाक”, in नेपाली बृहत् शब्दकोश (Nepālī Br̥hat Śabdakoś) [Comprehensive Nepali Dictionary], Kathmandu: Nepal Academy, 2018
  • Schmidt, Ruth L. (1993) , “नाक”, in A Practical Dictionary of Modern Nepali, Ratna Sagar
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley, “नाक्”, in A comparative and etymological dictionary of the Nepali language‎, London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1931.

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (, no) +‎ अक (áka, sin, pain), literally [where there is/who has] no pain or sin.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

नाक (nā́ka)

  1. happy, painless

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of नाक (nā́ka)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नाकः
nā́kaḥ
नाकौ
nā́kau
नाकाः / नाकासः¹
nā́kāḥ / nā́kāsaḥ¹
Vocative नाक
nā́ka
नाकौ
nā́kau
नाकाः / नाकासः¹
nā́kāḥ / nā́kāsaḥ¹
Accusative नाकम्
nā́kam
नाकौ
nā́kau
नाकान्
nā́kān
Instrumental नाकेन
nā́kena
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकैः / नाकेभिः¹
nā́kaiḥ / nā́kebhiḥ¹
Dative नाकाय
nā́kāya
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकेभ्यः
nā́kebhyaḥ
Ablative नाकात्
nā́kāt
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकेभ्यः
nā́kebhyaḥ
Genitive नाकस्य
nā́kasya
नाकयोः
nā́kayoḥ
नाकानाम्
nā́kānām
Locative नाके
nā́ke
नाकयोः
nā́kayoḥ
नाकेषु
nā́keṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ā-stem declension of नाका (nā́kā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नाका
nā́kā
नाके
nā́ke
नाकाः
nā́kāḥ
Vocative नाके
nā́ke
नाके
nā́ke
नाकाः
nā́kāḥ
Accusative नाकाम्
nā́kām
नाके
nā́ke
नाकाः
nā́kāḥ
Instrumental नाकया / नाका¹
nā́kayā / nā́kā¹
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकाभिः
nā́kābhiḥ
Dative नाकायै
nā́kāyai
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकाभ्यः
nā́kābhyaḥ
Ablative नाकायाः
nā́kāyāḥ
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकाभ्यः
nā́kābhyaḥ
Genitive नाकायाः
nā́kāyāḥ
नाकयोः
nā́kayoḥ
नाकानाम्
nā́kānām
Locative नाकायाम्
nā́kāyām
नाकयोः
nā́kayoḥ
नाकासु
nā́kāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of नाक (nā́ka)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नाकम्
nā́kam
नाके
nā́ke
नाकानि / नाका¹
nā́kāni / nā́kā¹
Vocative नाक
nā́ka
नाके
nā́ke
नाकानि / नाका¹
nā́kāni / nā́kā¹
Accusative नाकम्
nā́kam
नाके
nā́ke
नाकानि / नाका¹
nā́kāni / nā́kā¹
Instrumental नाकेन
nā́kena
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकैः / नाकेभिः¹
nā́kaiḥ / nā́kebhiḥ¹
Dative नाकाय
nā́kāya
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकेभ्यः
nā́kebhyaḥ
Ablative नाकात्
nā́kāt
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकेभ्यः
nā́kebhyaḥ
Genitive नाकस्य
nā́kasya
नाकयोः
nā́kayoḥ
नाकानाम्
nā́kānām
Locative नाके
nā́ke
नाकयोः
nā́kayoḥ
नाकेषु
nā́keṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Noun[edit]

नाक (nā́kam

  1. heaven, firmament
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:स्वर्ग
  2. the sky
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:आकाश
  3. sun
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:सूर्य

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of नाक (nā́ka)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नाकः
nā́kaḥ
नाकौ
nā́kau
नाकाः / नाकासः¹
nā́kāḥ / nā́kāsaḥ¹
Vocative नाक
nā́ka
नाकौ
nā́kau
नाकाः / नाकासः¹
nā́kāḥ / nā́kāsaḥ¹
Accusative नाकम्
nā́kam
नाकौ
nā́kau
नाकान्
nā́kān
Instrumental नाकेन
nā́kena
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकैः / नाकेभिः¹
nā́kaiḥ / nā́kebhiḥ¹
Dative नाकाय
nā́kāya
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकेभ्यः
nā́kebhyaḥ
Ablative नाकात्
nā́kāt
नाकाभ्याम्
nā́kābhyām
नाकेभ्यः
nā́kebhyaḥ
Genitive नाकस्य
nā́kasya
नाकयोः
nā́kayoḥ
नाकानाम्
nā́kānām
Locative नाके
nā́ke
नाकयोः
nā́kayoḥ
नाकेषु
nā́keṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Further reading[edit]

  • Hellwig, Oliver, “nāka”, in DCS - The Digital Corpus of Sanskrit, Berlin, Germany, 2010-2021.
  • Macdonell, Arthur Anthony, “नाक”, in A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley, “nāˊka”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, 1969–1985.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Monier Williams (1899) , “नाक”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 522.
  2. ^ Apte, Vaman Shivram, “नाक”, in The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary, Poona: Prasad Prakashan, 1890.