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See also: , हूँ, हे, है, and हैं



(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)


हृ (√hṛ) (class 1 root)

  1. to take, bear, carry in or on (with instrumental), carry, convey, fetch, bring.
  2. to offer, present (esp. with बलिम्).
  3. to take away, carry off, seize, deprive of, steal, rob.
  4. to shoot or cut or hew off, sever (the head or a limb).
  5. to remove, destroy, dispel, frustrate, annihilate.
  6. to turn away, avert (the face).
  7. to take to oneself, appropriate (in a legitimate way), come into possession of (acc.), receive (as an heir), raise (tribute), marry (a girl).
  8. to master, overpower, subdue, conquer, win, win over (also by bribing).
  9. to outdo, eclipse, surpass.
  10. to enrapture, charm, fascinate.
  11. to withhold, withdraw, keep back, retain.
  12. to protract, delay (with कालम्, ‘to gain time’).
  13. (arithmetic) to divide. : Pass. ह्रियते (ep. also °ति ; aor. अहारि), to be taken or seized &c. AV. &c. &c.: Caus. हारयति, °ते (aor. अजीहरत् ; Pass. हार्यते), to cause to be taken or carried or conveyed or brought by (instr. or acc. ; cf. Pāṇ. 1-4, 53 Sch.) or to (dat.).
  14. to cause to be taken away, appropriate, seize, rob.
  15. to have taken from oneself, be deprived of, lose (esp. at play) Kāv. Kathās. ; ( हरयते) » प्र-√हृ
  16. ( हारापयति), to lose (at play) Pañcad. : Desid. जिहीर्षति, °ते (cf. जिहीर्षा, °षु), to wish to take to oneself or appropriate, covet, desire, long for.
  17. (with कालम्), to wish to gain time MBh. : Intens. जेह्रीयते ; जर्हरीति, जरीहरीति, जर्हर्ति, जरीहर्ति (cf. सं-√हृ) Gr. ([cf. Gk. χείρ.])

Derived terms[edit]


  • Monier William's Sanskrit-English Dictionary, 2nd Ed. 1899