สวัสดี

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit स्वस्ति ‎(svasti, blessing; fortune; prosperity; success; welfare; well-being; etc.).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic สวัสดี
s w ạ s ɗ ī
Phonemic สะ-หฺวัด ดี
s a – h ̥ w ạ ɗ    ɗ ī
Paiboon sà-wàt dii
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /sä(ʔ)˨˩.wät̚˨˩ diː˧/

Interjection[edit]

สวัสดี ‎(sà-wàt dii)

  1. used to express a greeting or farewell, answer a telephone, or attract attention.

Alternative forms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

First used at the Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University, by Duke Uppakit Sinlapasan in 2476 BE (1933/34 CE). Officially ordered to be used by the public by the dictatorial government of Field Marshall Plaek Phibunsongkhram in 2486 BE (1943/44 CE). Compare Khmer សួស្ដី ‎(suŏsdei).

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Noun[edit]

สวัสดี ‎(sà-wàt dii)

  1. good fortune; prosperity.
  2. moral excellence; virtue.
  3. security; safety.
  4. success.
  5. well-being.

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]