手前

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
まえ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of Old Japanese elements (te, hand) +‎ (mae, front), originally meaning “that which is just in front of one's hand”.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

手前 (hiragana てまえ, rōmaji temae, historical hiragana てまへ)

  1. position that is just in front or before; in the nearer position
    あの (みせ)交差点 (こうさてん)手前 (てまえ)にある。
    Ano mise wa kōsaten no temae ni aru.
    That store is just in front of / just before the intersection.

Pronoun[edit]

手前 (hiragana てまえ, rōmaji temae, historical hiragana てまへ)

  1. (vulgar, male) you, you son of a bitch
Usage notes[edit]

More commonly pronounced as and written in hiragana as てめえ (temē).

Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
まえ > めえ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Alteration of temae. The vowel shift emphasizes the confrontational sense of the term.[2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

手前 (hiragana てめえ, rōmaji temē)

  1. (vulgar, male) you, you son of a bitch
    手前 (てめえ) (ころ)してやる!
    Temē wa koroshite yaru!
    I'm gonna kill you, you son of a bitch!
Usage notes[edit]

This is one of the ruder, more confrontational Japanese terms for you. Rough, often used in anger. Often pronounced and written as てめえ (temē).

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  • 2000, Jonathan Bunt, Gillian Hall, The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary, First Edition, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0198601972