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U+8662, 虢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8662

[U+8661]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8663]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 141, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月戈卜心弓 (BIYPN) or 月戈卜心山 (BIYPU), four-corner 21317, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1075, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1543, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2828, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8662

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𣂭
𧇧
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Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou
Bronze inscriptions
虢-bronze.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): + or + + .

One theory considers this character a pictogram (象形): two hands () opening tiger ()'s fur, thus an original glyph of . (Lin Yiguang)

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʷraːɡ): phonetic (OC *rud) + semantic (tiger). However, this is not generally considered likely.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (114)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠwæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/kuɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/kwɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gwak1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guó
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwæk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷˁrak/
English (place name)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4764
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷraːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) Name of several ancient feudal states that existed during the Western Zhou period (1050 to 770 B.C.E.) situated in modern-day Shaanxi and Hunan provinces and founded by relatives of the royal Ji family of the Zhou dynasty
  2. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. name of ancient feudal State in Shaanxi and Hunan

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): かく (kaku); きゃく (kyaku)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: quắc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.