誘う

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
さそ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "誘う"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
誘う そう [sàsóú]
Imperative (命令形) 誘え そえ [sàsóé]
Key constructions
Passive 誘われる そわれる [sàsówárérú]
Causative 誘わせる そわせる [sàsówásérú]
Potential 誘える そえる [sàsóérú]
Volitional 誘おう そお [sàsóóꜜò]
Negative 誘わない そわない [sàsówánáí]
Negative perfective 誘わなかった そわなかった [sàsówánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 誘います そいま [sàsóímáꜜsù]
Perfective 誘った そった [sàsóttá]
Conjunctive 誘って そって [sàsótté]
Hypothetical conditional 誘えば そえ [sàsóéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

(さそ) (sasoutransitive godan (stem (さそ) (sasoi), past (さそ)った (sasotta))

  1. to invite.
    ()()デート(さそ)
    suki na ko o dēto ni sasou
    to invite one's crush out on a date
  2. to tempt; to lure; to entice; to seduce
    ウラウラとした日差(ひざ)しに(さそ)われて(ねむ)りに()ちた。
    Uraura toshita hizashi ni sasowarete, nemuri ni ochita.
    The soft gentle sunlight beckoned me off to sleep.
  3. to induce (tears, laughter, sleepiness, etc.); to arouse (e.g. sympathy); to provoke
    (なみだ)(さそ)
    namida o sasō
    to evoke tears
Usage notes[edit]
  • someonesomethingに誘う — invite someone to do something
    (だれ)散歩(さんぽ)(さそ)
    dareka o sanpo ni sasou
    invite someone out for a stroll
  • someonesomeplaceへ誘う — invite someone to go somewhere
    • The place can refer to some kind of activity location, such as a concert or a play.
  • someoneからsomethingに誘われる(passive) to be invited by someone to do something
  • someoneからsomeplaceへ誘われる(passive) to be invited by someone to someplace

Etymology 2[edit]

From the exclamation いざ (iza, come!, join in) + verb-forming suffix なふ (nafu). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Kanji in this term
いざな
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(いざな) (izanautransitive godan (stem (いざな) (izanai), past (いざな)った (izanatta))

  1. (dated or poetic) To invite.
    (ひと)(あく)(みち)(いざな)
    hito o aku no michi e izanau
    to lure someone to the path of wrongdoing
  2. To tempt; to coerce.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN