-etlen

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛtlɛn/
  • Hyphenation: et‧len

Suffix[edit]

-etlen (comparative -etlenebb, superlative leg- -etlenebb)

  1. (adjective suffix) -less, un-, dis-. A privative suffix added to a noun or a verb to form adjectives with a meaning of lacking something.
    fej (head) → fejetlen (headless; confused)
    ismer (to know) → ismeretlen (unknown)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • (adjective suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -talan is added to back vowel words
    -telen is added to front vowel words
    -tlan is added to back vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -tlen is added to front vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -atlan is added to back vowel words
    -etlen is added to front vowel words
  • Using two different suffix variants with the same stem may result in different meanings:
    gond (care) → gondtalan (carefree)
    gond (care) → gondatlan (careless)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]