-tlan

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-tlan (comparative -tlanabb, superlative leg- -tlanabb)

  1. (adjective suffix) -less, un-, dis-. A privative suffix added to a noun or an adjective to form an adjective with a meaning of lacking something.
    hiba (mistake) → hibátlan (flawless)
    (salt) → tlan (unsalted)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • (adjective suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -talan is added to back vowel words
    -telen is added to front vowel words
    -tlan is added to back vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -tlen is added to front vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -atlan is added to back vowel words
    -etlen is added to front vowel words
  • Using two different suffix variants with the same stem may result in different meanings:
    gond (care) → gondtalan (carefree)
    gond (care) → gondatlan (careless)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]