-tlan

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-tlan (comparative -tlanabb, superlative leg- -tlanabb)

  1. (adjective suffix) -less, un-, dis-. A privative suffix added to a noun or an adjective to form an adjective with a meaning of lacking something.
    hiba ‎(mistake) → hibátlan ‎(flawless)
    ‎(salt) → tlan ‎(unsalted)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -tlan -tlanok
accusative -tlant -tlanokat
dative -tlannak -tlanoknak
instrumental -tlannal -tlanokkal
causal-final -tlanért -tlanokért
translative -tlanná -tlanokká
terminative -tlanig -tlanokig
essive-formal -tlanként -tlanokként
essive-modal -tlanul -tlanokul
inessive -tlanban -tlanokban
superessive -tlanon -tlanokon
adessive -tlannál -tlanoknál
illative -tlanba -tlanokba
sublative -tlanra -tlanokra
allative -tlanhoz -tlanokhoz
elative -tlanból -tlanokból
delative -tlanról -tlanokról
ablative -tlantól -tlanoktól

Usage notes[edit]

  • (adjective suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -talan is added to back vowel words
    -telen is added to front vowel words
    -tlan is added to back vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -tlen is added to front vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -atlan is added to back vowel words
    -etlen is added to front vowel words
  • Using two different suffix variants with the same stem may result in different meanings:
    gond ‎(care) → gondtalan ‎(carefree)
    gond ‎(care) → gondatlan ‎(careless)

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]