Appendix:Proto-Germanic/ga-

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This entry contains Proto-Germanic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kom, *ḱóm (with, near, by, along). Cognate with Latin cum (with).

Prefix[edit]

*ga-

  1. Indicates association or togetherness; co-.
  2. Indicates completeness or wholeness. In verbs, also indicates perfectivity (a finished action).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Because of its perfective sense, it eventually became used as a marker of the past participle in the West Germanic languages.