Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/mer-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*mer-[1]

  1. to die

Derived terms[edit]


  • *mer- ‎(root present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Latgalian: miert
      • Latvian: mirt
      • Lithuanian: mirti
      • Slavic: *merti (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: मरति ‎(marati) (see there for further descendants)
  • *mr̥-yé- ‎(ye-present)
  • *mor-éye- ‎(to kill, causative)
    • Indo-Iranian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *moriti
        • Polish: morzyć ‎(to kill slowly, e.g. by hunger)
  • *mr̥-tós ‎(dead)
  • *mr̥-wós ‎(dead)
  • *mr̥-t-wós ‎(dead)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *mьrtvъ (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: mortuus (see there for further descendants)
  • *mér-tis ‎(death)
  • Unsorted formations:

Root[edit]

*mer-

  1. sea, lake, wetland

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill