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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to die

Derived terms[edit]

  • *mer- ‎(root present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Latgalian: miert
      • Latvian: mirt
      • Lithuanian: mirti
      • Slavic: *merti (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: मरति ‎(marati) (see there for further descendants)
  • *mr̥-yé- ‎(ye-present)
  • *mor-éye- ‎(to kill, causative)
    • Indo-Iranian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *moriti
        • Polish: morzyć ‎(to kill slowly, e.g. by hunger)
  • *mr̥-tós ‎(dead)
  • *mr̥-wós ‎(dead)
  • *mr̥-t-wós ‎(dead)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *mьrtvъ (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: mortuus (see there for further descendants)
  • *mér-tis ‎(death)
  • Unsorted formations:



  1. sea, lake, wetland

Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill