Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/sḗm

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *séms, from the root *sem-.

Numeral[edit]

*sḗm

  1. one

Inflection[edit]

Athematic
masculine feminine
nominative *sḗm *sémih₂
genitive *smés *sm̥yéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *sḗm
vocative *sém
accusative *sḗm
genitive *smés
ablative *smés
dative *sméy
locative *sém, *sémi
instrumental *sméh₁
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *sémih₂
vocative *sémih₂
accusative *sémih₂m̥
genitive *sm̥yéh₂s
ablative *sm̥yéh₂s
dative *sm̥yéh₂ey
locative *sm̥yéh₂, *sm̥yéh₂i
instrumental *sm̥yéh₂h₁
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *sém
vocative *sém
accusative *sém
genitive *smés
ablative *smés
dative *sméy
locative *sém, *sémi
instrumental *sméh₁

Descendants[edit]

  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script needed] ‎(sanni-, single)
  • Armenian:
  • Hellenic: *hens
  • Proto-Tocharian: *sems
    • Tocharian A: sas
    • Tocharian B: ṣe
  • Slavic: *samъ ‎(alone)
    • Polish: sam
    • Slovene: sam
    • Serbo-Croatian: sam