- Old English hāmtūn, from hām and tūn (equivalent to home + town);
- Old English hēantūn, from hēah and tūn (equivalent to high + town).
- Any of several places in England and Scotland, derived from Saxon words meaning farm by the bend of a river, including:
- An English and Scottish habitational surname from the placenames.
- A small city in Arkansas, USA, and the county seat of Calhoun County.
- A town in Connecticut.
- A city in Florida.
- A city in Georgia in the United States.
- A village in Illinois.
- A city in Iowa, and the county seat of Franklin County.
- A small city in Dakota County, Minnesota.
- A hamlet in Missouri.
- A village in Nebraska.
- A town in New Brunswick, Canada.
- A town in New Hampshire.
- A borough in New Jersey.
- A town in New York.
- A community in Nova Scotia.
- A community in Prince Edward Island.
- A town in Queensland, Australia.
- A town in South Carolina, and the county seat of Hampton County. Named after Wade Hampton III.
- A city in Virginia.
Terms derived from Hampton