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- As an English surname, from the noun hill, shortened from Hilary, and from Old English hild (“battle”).
- As a German surname, shortened from Hildebrand, related to the last sense above.
- As a Finnish surname, calque of Finnish Mäki (“hill”).
- (US, with "the") Capitol Hill; the US Congress
- (Canada, with "the") Parliament Hill; the Parliament of Canada; the parliamentary precinct in Ottawa as opposed to parliamentary functions elsewhere in the country
- A topographic surname, from Middle English for someone who lived on or by a hill.
- According to the 2010 United States Census, Hill is the 39th most common surname in the United States, belonging to 434,827 individuals. Hill is most common among White (64.4%) and Black/African American (29.1%) individuals.
First attested as de Hil in 1545. Derived from dialectal hil (“hill, elevated place”).
- Hyphenation: Hill