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Proper noun[edit]


  1. (Oxford University slang) Clipping of Magdalen, referring to Magdalen College, Oxford.



From Middle High German maget, magt, from Old High German magad, from Proto-West Germanic *magaþ, from Proto-Germanic *magaþs, from Proto-Indo-European *mogʰus (young person). Near cognates include Dutch meid, maagd, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌲𐌰𐌸𐍃 (magaþs) and English maid.


  • IPA(key): /maːkt/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /maːxt/ (northern and central Germany; now chiefly colloquial)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aːkt
  • Homophone: Markt (some speakers)


Magd f (genitive Magd, plural Mägde, diminutive Mägdlein n or Mägdelein n or Mägdchen n, masculine Knecht)

  1. maid; female servant, especially on a farm
    • 1808, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, “Garten”, in Faust: Der Tragödie erster Teil [Faust, Part One]‎[1]:
      Wir haben keine Magd; muß kochen, fegen, stricken / Und nähn, und laufen früh und spat;
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • Luther Bible 1912, The Book of Ruth 3, 9:
      Und er sprach: Wer bist du? Sie antwortete: Ich bin Ruth, deine Magd. Breite deine Decke über deine Magd; denn du bist der Erbe.
      And he said: Who are you? She replied: I am Ruth, your maid. Spread your blanket over your maid; because you are the heir.
  2. (dated of the Virgin Mary, otherwise archaic) virgin
  3. (archaic) girl, young woman
    • 1808, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, “Vor dem Thor”, in Faust: Der Tragödie erster Teil [Faust, Part One]‎[2]:
      Ein starkes Bier, ein beizender Toback, / Und eine Magd im Putz das ist nun mein Geschmack.
      A strong beer, a bitter tobacco, / And a well-dressed maid, that's my taste now.


Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]