Maius

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See also: maius

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the name Maia, daughter of Atlas and mother of Mercury, probably ultimately from a feminine suffixed form of Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s (great).

Adjective[edit]

Maius (feminine Maia, neuter Maium); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (chiefly with mēnsis (month)) of May
Usage notes[edit]
  • In Latin, the month names are used as adjectives. In the Classical period, this adjective modifies a noun identifying a particular day, from which the date was reckoned. In Medieval Latin and later periods, the adjective modifies a numeral for the day of the month.
Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative Maius Maia Maium Maiī Maiae Maia
Genitive Maiī Maiae Maiī Maiōrum Maiārum Maiōrum
Dative Maiō Maiō Maiīs
Accusative Maium Maiam Maium Maiōs Maiās Maia
Ablative Maiō Maiā Maiō Maiīs
Vocative Maie Maia Maium Maiī Maiae Maia

Proper noun[edit]

Maius m sg (genitive Maiī or Maī); second declension

  1. the month of May
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Maius
Genitive Maiī
Maī1
Dative Maiō
Accusative Maium
Ablative Maiō
Vocative Maī

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Descendants[edit]
  • Eastern Romance
    • Aromanian: maiu
  • Franco-Provençal:
  • Gallo-Italic
  • Italo-Dalmatian
  • Sicilian: maiu, maju
  • Old French: mays
    • Middle French: May
      • French: mai
        • Guianese Creole:
        • Haitian Creole: me
        • English: may
        • Persian: مه(me)
    • Norman: mai, mouai, me
    • Walloon: may
    • Middle English: May, Mai
      • English: May (see there for further descendants)
      • Scots: Mey
  • Old Occitan: [Term?]
  • Rhaeto-Romance
  • Sardinian: magiu, maju, mazu
  • Venetian: majo, magio
  • West Iberian
    • Aragonese: mayo
    • Extremaduran: mayu
    • Old Leonese: [Term?]
    • Old Portuguese: mayo
    • Old Spanish: [Term?]
      • Ladino: mayo
      • Spanish: mayo (see there for further descendants)
  • Albanian: maj
  • Ancient Greek: Μάϊος (Máïos) (see there for further descendants)
  • Old High German: meio
Unsorted borrowings

These borrowings are ultimately but perhaps not directly from Latin. They are organized into geographical and language family groups, not by etymology.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

An elliptical form of Maiusdeus (the great god”, “Jupiter), from maius (great, archaic form of magnus) +‎ deus (god).

Proper noun[edit]

Maius m sg (genitive Maiī or Maī); second declension

  1. great god (epithet of Jupiter)
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Maius
Genitive Maiī
Maī1
Dative Maiō
Accusative Maium
Ablative Maiō
Vocative Maī

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

References[edit]