Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/alaną

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂életi, from *h₂el- (to raise, feed, nourish).[1] Cognate with Latin alō (nourish, verb)[1].

Verb[edit]

*alaną[2]

  1. to grow
  2. to grow old, to mature
  3. to breed
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • West Germanic: *alan
    • Old English: alan
  • Old Norse: ala
  • Gothic: 𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌽 (alan)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁elh₂- (to drive, move, go). Compare Ancient Greek ἐλαύνω (elaúnō, move), Latin alacer (lively, active, brisk), Old Irish élud (evasion), Irish élaim (flee).

Verb[edit]

*alaną

  1. to spurn, kick-start, drive
Inflection[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • This verb is not directly attested in any daughter languages. It is evinced only by possible derivatives and related terms.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009) , “oud”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*alan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 19