User talk:エリック・キィ

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Again, welcome! Ready Steady Yeti (talk) 18:24, 25 May 2014 (UTC)

lt-noun for some nouns that need expansion[edit]

I added the template {{lt-noun}} for the oldest added Lithuanian lemmas. Have a look at my list of contributions, if thou wish. --Lo Ximiendo (talk) 04:11, 17 July 2015 (UTC)

Thank you for the notification. I have expanded some of the entries and I will try the rest later. --Eryk Kij (talk) 10:19, 18 July 2015 (UTC)
Also added arfa. --Lo Ximiendo (talk) 08:40, 29 September 2015 (UTC)

Kikuyu etc.[edit]

Kikuyu is on my long list to learn, and Wiktionary has next to nothing of it, so thanks for your additions! Unfortunately, I'm tied up with Yiddish and will be for some time. (I intend to try to focus mostly on Yiddish until I get reasonably fluent, which will take months at least. I'm learning it in meatspace, but adding words is helpful for vocabulary retention.) After that, I want to work a lot more on major Bantu languages, and then I'll deal with those {{attention}}s you left! Also, there's a post I made at Wiktionary:Requests for moves, mergers and splits#Renaming ki where you might be interesting in giving some input. —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 01:00, 11 January 2016 (UTC)

I'd like to add some Lithuanian as well, but I'm still very shaky with entry formatting. Is seimas a good entry? Is there anything that needs to be fixed? —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 17:44, 16 May 2016 (UTC)
The plural isn't attested for socializmas, but I can't figure out how to get the template not to include it. Does it not support singular-only yet? (By the way, you can feel free to respond here.) —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 01:49, 17 May 2016 (UTC)
Thank you. There is {{lt-decl-noun-unc}} for singularia tantum although we can find some plural forms of the term in use on Google Books (gen., ins.). --Eryk Kij (talk) 02:09, 17 May 2016 (UTC)
Thank you. Many of them put it in quotation marks. I suppose I will add a usage note. —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 02:11, 17 May 2016 (UTC)
  • Could you please help me ascertain the right declension table for knygnešys, as well as check the entry overall (IPA, etc)? Thank you! —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 06:11, 7 June 2016 (UTC)
Yes check.svg Done. š is of regular paradigm, while d and t switch into and č respectively in many cases (e.g. žaltỹs). Perhaps the creator of those templates was unaware of this phenomenon, then I newly created these. --Eryk Kij (talk) 13:01, 7 June 2016 (UTC)
  • I created {{nia-noun}} and added it to all the entries that were unambiguous or had mutation information. (There are still some entries in Category:Nias nouns that begin with a vowel and need mutation information.) I hope that helps. —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 02:14, 4 October 2016 (UTC)
  • I'm hoping to create a template for Kikuyu nouns soon. I have a good grammar, but unfortunately it does not discuss tones — hopefully I can find a dictionary that includes them. As for Lithuanian, can you figure out the problem with the declension of debesis? —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 06:42, 8 April 2017 (UTC)
Yes check.svg Done And I updated {{lt-noun-m-is-3}}. As you can see I edited the page once, but I was unsure of its declension paradigm like my predecessors. Balčikonis et al. (1954) shows examples with forms debesio and debesiu, putting debesỹs as a variant. I suspect that it was the cause of the confusion since debesys has debesio as gen. sg. and debesiu as ins. sg.
Are you planning to set about dealing with Gĩkũyũ? I know that Yasutoshi YUKAWA wrote some works on accentuations of some Bantu languages including Gĩkũyũ. We can find two of his works at Glottolog 3.0, but I am unsure whether they are available in English.--Eryk Kij (talk) 10:58, 8 April 2017 (UTC)
Thank you! There is a great deal of good work done on Kikuyu tone in English; I expect to lean heavily on Armstrong, once I get a copy of that. The issue is that I am not sure if any of the dictionaries mark tone, and if they do not, that will limit what I can achieve. In any case, just getting the infrastructure up and building a basic vocabulary would be a very good thing, and I'm trying to achieve that for all the major Bantu languages. —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 18:48, 8 April 2017 (UTC)

Noun plural form of "ijisho"[edit]

Hello, is "amaso" really a plural form of ijisho? Thank you for answering. --Lo Ximiendo (talk) 20:23, 6 February 2016 (UTC)

Never mind, I checked the online reference in a few of its entries for good measure. --Lo Ximiendo (talk) 20:25, 6 February 2016 (UTC)

Kikuyu tones[edit]

So it seems you got a copy of Armstrong? (If it's a PDF, I would love a copy.) I saw the pronunciation sections you've been adding, and although I'm glad they finally have tonal information, they are a bit of a mess, e.g. at riitho. I don't think we should be giving a phonetic series or non-isolation forms (unless sandhi effects are unpredictable, which I don't think they are), but merely giving the tonal melody with diacritics in the IPA itself (e.g. at Chichewa diso). —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 18:24, 22 November 2017 (UTC)

@Metaknowledge Unfortunately, I do not(it is not Polish Eryk Kij (talk) 10:58, 23 November 2017 (UTC)) have nothing but a manual copy on my notebook which I made at a library. I know that it looks quite overwhelming, but I think it is the best way, since at least four researchers have so far engaged with this topic though each of them took different way from another to express it. I am now convinced that tonal changes depending on some contexts isare(Eryk Kij (talk) 10:58, 23 November 2017 (UTC)) one of the most important feature of this language, as Clements (1984:284) states that Gĩkũyũ "[n]oun tones vary according to the context in which the noun occurs." Armstrong (1940:176–262), Benson (1964:xxi–xlvii) and Yukawa (1981, 1985:passim) have presented the three common context - in isolation, after , and after ti. They used these contexts for their classification and I regard them as indispensable parts to learn Gĩkũyũ. --Eryk Kij (talk) 21:13, 22 November 2017 (UTC)
I don't think that giving phonetic series is useful for learners (and even if it were, this is not a learner's dictionary per se). As it is, the pronunciation section is making something that is not very complicated (just hard to represent) into something that is very complicated and overlong. At riitho, you have shown various sandhi effects that could be regularly predicted, and that is essentially phonetic rather than phonemic information as far as the tonemes are concerned. The only part that needs to be shown is the underlying tones for this lexical item, namely /ɾiìðɔ́ꜜ/ where the ꜜ is my somewhat nonstandard use of the downstep symbol to indicate a lexical floating L. If we had a Module:ki-IPA, which would not be overly hard to make, it could give an automatic brief explanation of that symbol's use in this context. —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 22:22, 22 November 2017 (UTC)
@Metaknowledge I admit my lack of knowledge about underlying tones and downsteps, and so on. In spite of it, I still think that most readers might not know whether it is predictable or not, so giving what Yukawa and Clements have recorded would be more practical. Moreover, I am concerned obsessedly how to express the differences which pronouns or particles next to nouns show. There isare(Eryk Kij (talk) 18:03, 25 November 2017 (UTC)) some examples where a grammatically identical word shows difference depending on what noun is adjacent to it (e.g. gĩakwa (my) after kĩng'ang'i /ɣèàkóá/ : kĩongo /ɣéákóá/ in the same context). And riitho is pronounced /ɾììðɔ́/ after , though kĩhaato (broom) and mbũri, which each of the three researchers classifies into a group riitho belongs to, show /kéhààtɔ́/ and /ḿbòɾí/ respectively in the same context (Yukawa 1981: 91, 1985: 197). I know that such complexity should be described theoretically and in a consice way, but a user-friendly way would be showing concrete examples, with which nature of this language is obvious at a glance.--Eryk Kij (talk) 10:58, 23 November 2017 (UTC)
I cannot explain all this behaviour to you because I really have studied little Kikuyu, and have spent most of my time with languages that have a much more straightforward tone system to represent, like Chichewa. Kikuyu tones are offset by one toneme to the right, thus requiring that we somehow show floating tones. In any case, Wiktionary is intended to document the language, not really to explain it to introductory learners. Look at a Latin entry — it gives the inflected forms, but does not explain how to use them or what they mean. A Japanese entry — it will often give the pitch accent, but not give other words with the same pitch accent pattern or explain it. In both cases, there are links to pages elsewhere, like appendices, that can actually be given over to that sort of explanation. As it is, these pronunciation sections are quite messy and unprofessional in appearance, which is why I believe we should aim for a clean linguistic explanation of the underlying tones (that is, what's actually phonemic). —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 17:24, 23 November 2017 (UTC)
@Metaknowledge I see your opinion though I still believe this complex tonal information should be documented in detail as possible. Appendices seem indeed more appropriate for this purpose as you imply. Then what do you think about {{ki-tonal classes}}? I would like to show what kind of tonal pattern every word shows for readers to pronounce it precisely though I know that this way looks quite awkward.--Eryk Kij (talk) 18:02, 23 November 2017 (UTC)
p.s. I should tell you that Armstrong (1940) is partially available at Google Books([1]).--Eryk Kij (talk) 18:10, 23 November 2017 (UTC)
p.s.2 Yes, it is very like you say! This system somewhat reminds me of my mother tongue and Yukawa actually employs the term アクセント to describe the system.--Eryk Kij (talk) 18:24, 23 November 2017 (UTC)
p.s.3 Now I am reading Ford (1975) and Clements & Ford (1979), in the latter of which the term ngũngũni is represented as 'ŋgòŋgónìꜝ' 'ŋgóːŋgōníꜝ'(Eryk Kij (talk) 19:14, 25 November 2017 (UTC)) in the way like you have shown with riitho. I used this reference there, but are we allowed to apply this way to other terms that they have not directly analysed? I am quite unsure, so I still regard class-paradigms as useful clue to infer tonal patterns and as information with surely verifiable sources.--Eryk Kij (talk) 18:03, 25 November 2017 (UTC)
I'm glad you're reading more modern linguistic sources, because that is exactly the sort of representation that I am advocating. If you actually understand the system, it is not hard to convert as I did above from phonetic series to IPA. Remember, it is totally appropriate to reference Armstrong even if you present the data in a representation that Armstrong would not have dreamt of, so long as it is more concise and clear. —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 18:42, 25 November 2017 (UTC)
@Metaknowledge All right, I will do it CAREFULLY. Thank you very much for giving me an opportunity for further exploration.--Eryk Kij (talk) 19:14, 25 November 2017 (UTC)