atrophy

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French atrophie, from Latin atrophia, from Ancient Greek ἀτροφία (atrophía, a wasting away), from ἄτροφος (átrophos, ill-fed, un-nourished), from ἀ- (a-, not) + τροφή (trophḗ, nourishment), from τρέφω (tréphō, I fatten).

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Noun[edit]

atrophy (plural atrophies)

  1. (pathology) A reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease, injury or lack of use. [from early 17th c.]

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Verb[edit]

atrophy (third-person singular simple present atrophies, present participle atrophying, simple past and past participle atrophied)

  1. (intransitive) To wither or waste away. [from early 18th c.]
  2. (transitive) To cause to waste away or become abortive; to starve or weaken.

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