τρέφω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *tʰrépʰō with deaspiration of the /tʰ/ to /t/ by Grassmann's law everywhere except in forms where the /pʰ/ has been deaspirated to /p/ by a following consonant (future, first aorist, perfect middle). According to Beekes, Pre-Greek substratum word. Within Indo-European it is usually compared to Lithuanian drìbti (to fall down in flakes) and drė̃bti (to throw a thick fluid) but with unclear semantic connection, as well as expressions for "dregs" in Celtic, Germanic and Slavic, linking it to Proto-Indo-European *dʰrebʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

τρέφω (tréphō)

  1. to thicken, congeal, curdle
  2. to make to grow, to increase, bring up, breed, rear (especially of children)
    1. (of slaves, cattle, etc.) to rear and keep
    2. to tend, cherish
    3. (of parts of the body) to let grown, cherish, foster
    4. (poetic, of earth and sea) to breed. produce, teem with
    5. (poetic) to have within oneself, to contain, keep, have
  3. to maintain, support
    1. (in historical writers) to maintain or subsist an army
    2. (of land) to feed, maintain one
  4. to bring up, rear, educate
  5. the passive sometimes came to mean little more than "to be"

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek.

Verb[edit]

τρέφω (tréfo) (simple past έθρεψα, passive τρέφομαι)

  1. (transitive) feed, nourish, maintain
  2. (intransitive) heal, be raised

Conjugation[edit]