blok

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See also: Blok and blók

Bahnar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

blok 

  1. mushroom

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

French bloc

Noun[edit]

blok

  1. block

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[2], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN
  • blok”, in Luğatçıq (in Russian)

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Block (block); other senses developed later.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

blok m inan

  1. block
  2. notebook (a book in which notes or memoranda are written)
    Synonyms: zápisník, notes
  3. (computing) block
  4. (volleyball) block

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "blok" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

Further reading[edit]

  • blok in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • blok in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • blok in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German block. Cognate with English block, German Block, Norwegian Bokmål blokk and Swedish block.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /blɔk/, [b̥lʌɡ̊]

Noun[edit]

blok c (singular definite blokken, plural indefinite blokke)

  1. block
  2. rock, boulder
  3. notepad
  4. bloc

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greenlandic: blokki

Further reading[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch blok, from Old Dutch *blok, from Proto-Germanic *blukką.

Noun[edit]

blok n (plural blokken, diminutive blokje n)

  1. a block (e.g wood)
  2. a street block
  3. a political bloc
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: blok
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: bloko
  • Caribbean Javanese: blog
  • Indonesian: blok
  • Papiamentu: blòki, blokki (from the diminutive)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

blok

  1. inflection of blokken:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Iban[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English block.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

blok

  1. block

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch blok (block), from Middle Dutch blok, from Old Dutch *blok, from Proto-Germanic *blukką, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵ- (thick plank, beam, pile, prop). Cognate of Afrikaans blok.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈblɔk̚]
  • Hyphenation: blok

Noun[edit]

blok (plural blok-blok, first-person possessive blokku, second-person possessive blokmu, third-person possessive bloknya)

  1. block:
    1. substantial often approximately cuboid piece.
    2. group of buildings demarcated by streets.
    3. (sports) an action to interfere with the movement of an opposing player or of the object of play (ball, puck).
    4. (nautical) a case with one or more sheaves/pulleys, used with ropes to increase or redirect force, for example, as part of the rigging of a sailing ship.
      Synonym: kontrol
    5. (anesthesiology, neurology) deliberate interruption of signals traveling along a nerve, often for the purpose of pain relief.
      Synonym: sekatan
    6. (colloquial) something that prevents something from passing.
  2. bloc: a group of countries acting together for political or economic goals.

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Middle Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon blok.

Noun[edit]

blok m or n

  1. block

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
blok (#2)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Block, from Middle High German bloc, from Old High German bloc.[1] Sense 8 is a semantic loan from English code block, sense 9 is a semantic loan from English block, sense 10 is a semantic loan from English heart block, and sense 11 is a semantic loan from English engine block. First attested in 1782.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

blok m inan (diminutive bloczek)

  1. block (cuboid piece of hard material)
  2. apartment building, block, block of flats, tower block
  3. block, cellblock
  4. block, pad (for writing)
    Synonyms: notes, zeszyt
  5. block (series of similar items)
  6. (politics) bloc
  7. (philately) block, miniature sheet (joined group of four (or in some cases nine) postage stamps, forming a roughly square shape)
    blok okolicznościowy/pamiątkowya commemorative block
    wydać blokto print a block
  8. (computing) code block (block of source code, often one that is delimited by brackets or in some similar way, depending on the programming language)
  9. (volleyball) block (defensive play by one or more players meant to deflect a spiked ball back to the hitter’s court)
  10. (pathology) heart block
    blok sercaa heart block
    blok przedsionkowo-komorowyan atrioventricular block
  11. engine block
    blok napędowya driving block
    blok cylindrówa cylinder block
    blok silnikaan engine block
  12. block, pulley wheel, sheave
    Synonym: krążek
  13. (cooking) a type of desert made from powdered milk and crushed biscuits or wafers

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns
verbs

Related terms[edit]

nouns

Collocations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brückner, Aleksander (1927), “blok”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna
  2. ^ Gaspard le Compasseur de Créquy-Montfort Courtivron (1782) Nauka O Gatunkach I Szukaniu Rudy Żelazney, Topieniu Iey W Piecach Wielkich i Dymarkach, Robieniu Miechów Drewnianych, Stawianiu Pieców Na Topienie Rudy; O Fryszerkach i Fryszowaniu Żelaza Surowego, Laniu Naczyn Żelaznych; O Robieniu Stali Z Żelaza Ciągłego Albo Surowego[1], page 121

Further reading[edit]

  • blok in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • blok in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French bloc.

Noun[edit]

blȍk m (Cyrillic spelling бло̏к)

  1. block (a cuboid piece)
  2. (sports) block
  3. (politics) bloc, coalition
  4. block of flats

Declension[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French bloc and English block.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

blok (definite accusative blokı, plural bloklar)

  1. bloc
    • 1938 January 5, headline in Kurun:
      Romanya Rusyaya karşı bir blok kurmak istiyor
      Romania wants to form a bloc against Russia
  2. block
  3. group

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]