cambio

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: cambió, cambiò, and câmbio

Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

cambio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of cambiar

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese cambio, from Late Latin cambium (change), from Latin cambiō (I change), from a Celtic language, from Proto-Celtic *kambos (crooked; bent), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱh₂emb- (bent). Cognate with Portuguese câmbio and Spanish cambio.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cambio m (plural cambios)

  1. change
  2. loose change
    Synonym: solto
  3. exchange, swap
    Synonym: troco

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • cambio” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • cambio” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • cambio” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • cambio” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cambio” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

From verb cambiare from Vulgar Latin cambiāre (to change, exchange) from Late Latin cambiō, or from corresponding noun Latin cambium (change), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂emp- (to bend, curve). Compare Spanish cambio and Portuguese câmbio.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkam.bjo/
  • Rhymes: -ambjo
  • Hyphenation: càm‧bio

Noun[edit]

cambio m (plural cambi)

  1. exchange
    Synonym: scambio
  2. change
    Synonyms: cambiamento, sostituzione
  3. gear, stickshift (of a motor vehicle)

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

cambio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of cambiare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From cambium (change), from Gaulish cambion (change), from Proto-Celtic *kambos (twisted, crooked), from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂emp- (to bend, curve). Compare Ancient Greek κάμπτω (kámptō, to bend, curve, turn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

cambiō (present infinitive cambiāre, perfect active cambiāvī); first conjugation, no passive, no supine stem (Late Latin)

  1. (Late Latin) I exchange, barter; change.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of cambiō (first conjugation, no supine stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cambiō cambiās cambiat cambiāmus cambiātis cambiant
imperfect cambiābam cambiābās cambiābat cambiābāmus cambiābātis cambiābant
future cambiābō cambiābis cambiābit cambiābimus cambiābitis cambiābunt
perfect cambiāvī cambiāvistī cambiāvit cambiāvimus cambiāvistis cambiāvērunt,
cambiāvēre
pluperfect cambiāveram cambiāverās cambiāverat cambiāverāmus cambiāverātis cambiāverant
future perfect cambiāverō cambiāveris cambiāverit cambiāverimus cambiāveritis cambiāverint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cambiem cambiēs cambiet cambiēmus cambiētis cambient
imperfect cambiārem cambiārēs cambiāret cambiārēmus cambiārētis cambiārent
perfect cambiāverim cambiāverīs cambiāverit cambiāverīmus cambiāverītis cambiāverint
pluperfect cambiāvissem cambiāvissēs cambiāvisset cambiāvissēmus cambiāvissētis cambiāvissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cambiā cambiāte
future cambiātō cambiātō cambiātōte cambiantō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cambiāre cambiāvisse
participles cambiāns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cambiandī cambiandō cambiandum cambiandō

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

According to ancient grammarians, this verb originally belonged to the fourth conjugation with the present infinitive cambīre and the perfect stem camps-. However, Romance forms are descended from a first conjugation version with the present infinitive cambiāre and the perfect stem cambiāv-. These forms appear in texts from the 6th century CE.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • cambio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cambio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • cambio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 249
  • cambio in Georges, Karl Ernst; Georges, Heinrich (1913–1918) Ausführliches lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch, 8th edition, Hahnsche Buchhandlung, column 943

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

cambio m (plural cambios)

  1. Obsolete spelling of câmbio

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

cambio

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of cambiar

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Deverbal of cambiar. Compare Italian cambio, Portuguese câmbio, and Catalan canvi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkambjo/, [ˈkãm.bjo]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

cambio m (plural cambios)

  1. change, shift
  2. exchange rate
    El cambio es de 12 pesos mexicanos por dólar.
    The exchange rate is 12 mexican pesos to the dollar.
  3. gear (of a motor vehicle)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

cambio

  1. (telecommunications) over
    ¡Cambio y corto!Over and out!

Verb[edit]

cambio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of cambiar

Further reading[edit]