cambium

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cambium(a change).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cambium ‎(plural cambiums or cambia)

  1. (botany) A layer of cells between the xylem and the phloem that is responsible for the secondary growth of roots and stems.
    • 1863, Harland Coultas, What may be learned from a tree
      During winter we perceive no change in the cells of the cambium layer, which are filled with nutritive matter […].
  2. (obsolete) One of the humours formerly believed to nourish the bodily organs.
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, Bk.I, New York, 2001, p.147:
      The radical or innate is daily supplied by nourishment, which some call cambium, and make those secondary humours of ros and gluten to maintain it […].

Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Gaulish cambion, *kambyom(change), from Proto-Celtic *kambos(twisted, crooked), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱh₂mbós, *(s)kh₂mbós(crooked), from *(s)kh₂emb-(to bend, curve). Cognate with Ancient Greek σκαμβός(skambós, crooked), Old Irish camm(crooked), Welsh cam(crooked), Breton kamm(crooked), Old High German skimph(joke, amusement, pastime), Swedish skumpa(to limp), Persian خم(kham, curve, crook). More at change.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cambium n ‎(genitive cambiī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) A change
  2. (Late Latin) cambium

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin cambium

Noun[edit]

cambium m ‎(plural cambiums)

  1. cambium