cambium

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin cambium (a change), from Gaulish. Doublet of change.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cambium (plural cambiums or cambia)

  1. (botany) A layer of cells between the xylem and the phloem that is responsible for the secondary growth of roots and stems.
    • 1863, Harland Coultas, What may be learned from a tree:
      During winter we perceive no change in the cells of the cambium layer, which are filled with nutritive matter […].
  2. (anatomy) Periosteum, a membrane that covers the outer surface of bones
  3. (obsolete) One of the humours formerly believed to nourish the bodily organs.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , Bk.I, New York, 2001, p.147:
      The radical or innate is daily supplied by nourishment, which some call cambium, and make those secondary humours of ros and gluten to maintain it […].

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cambium m (plural cambiums)

  1. cambium

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Gaulish cambion, *kambyom (change), from Proto-Celtic *kambos (twisted, crooked), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱh₂mbós, *(s)kh₂mbós (crooked), ultimately from the root Proto-Indo-European *kh₂em- (to bend, curve).

Compare Ancient Greek καμπή (kampḗ, winding, bending; turn, change). Cognate with Ancient Greek σκαμβός (skambós, crooked), Old Irish camm (crooked), Welsh cam (crooked), Breton kamm (crooked), Old High German skimph (joke, amusement, pastime), Swedish skumpa (to limp). More at change.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cambium n (genitive cambiī or cambī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin, Vulgar Latin) A change
  2. (Medieval Latin, New Latin) cambium

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cambium cambia
Genitive cambiī
cambī1
cambiōrum
Dative cambiō cambiīs
Accusative cambium cambia
Ablative cambiō cambiīs
Vocative cambium cambia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: cambium
  • French: cambium
  • Italian: cambio
  • Portuguese: câmbio
  • Spanish: cambio, cambium

References[edit]

  • cambium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • cambium in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

cambium n (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of cambiu

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin cambium.

Noun[edit]

cambium m (plural cambiums)

  1. cambium

Related terms[edit]