From French chemise, from Old French chemise (whence Old English ċemes, cemes (“shirt”)), from Late Latin camisa, camisia (“shirt, undergarment, nightgown”), from Frankish *chamithia, from Proto-Germanic *hamiþiją (“clothes, shirt, skirt”) (whence also Old English hemeþe), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱam- (“cover, clothes”). Cognate with Old High German hemidi (“shirt”) (German Hemd), Old English hemeþe (“shirt”), ham (“undergarment”), hama (“covering, dress, garment”). See also shimmy, from a dialectal variant. More at hame.
chemise (plural chemises)
- (historical) A loose shirtlike undergarment, especially for women.
- A short nightdress, or similar piece of lingerie.
- A woman's dress that fits loosely; a chemise dress.
- A wall that lines the face of a bank or earthwork.
chemise f (plural chemises)
- Antillean Creole: chimiz
- Guianese Creole: chimiz
- Karipúna Creole French: ximiz
- Louisiana Creole French: chimiz, chimij, chmiz, chimiy, chmij
- Seychellois Creole: simiz, cemiz
See the etymology of the main entry.
- first/third-person singular present indicative of
- first/third-person singular present subjunctive of
- second-person singular imperative of
- “chemise” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).