ciborium

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English[edit]

A ciborium (canopy)
A ciborium (receptacle)

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin cibōrium (drinking-cup), from Ancient Greek κιβώριον (kibṓrion, the Egyptian water-lily’s cupulate seed pod”, or “a drinking-cup fashioned therefrom).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ciborium (plural ciboriums or ciboria)

  1. A fixed vaulted canopy over a Christian altar, supported on four columns.
  2. A covered receptacle for holding the consecrated wafers of the Eucharist.
    • 1982, John Banville, The Newton Letter
      Michael came after her, solemnly bearing the teapot like a ciborium.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 ‖ciborium” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary [2nd Ed.; 1989]

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κιβώριον (kibṓrion).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cibōrium n (genitive cibōriī or cibōrī); second declension

  1. the seedvessel of sacred lotus which served as a drinking vessel with the Egyptians
  2. by extension, any drinking vessel approximating the shape of the seedcase of the sacred lotus
    • 23 BCE – 13 BCE, Horace, Odes II.7.21–23:
      Oblivioso levia Massico
      ciboria exple, funde capacibus
      unguenta de conchis!
      Fill the light goblets with wine from the Massicus that wreaks forgetfulness, slop salves from big shells!
  3. (Medieval Latin) a vaulted canopy over a Christian altar fixed on four columns
    Synonyms: umbrāculum, tegumen

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cibōrium cibōria
Genitive cibōriī
cibōrī1
cibōriōrum
Dative cibōriō cibōriīs
Accusative cibōrium cibōria
Ablative cibōriō cibōriīs
Vocative cibōrium cibōria

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

References[edit]