cilvēks

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Latvian[edit]

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 Cilvēks on Latvian Wikipedia

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Cilvēki

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Old East Slavic человѣкъ (čelověkŭ) (cf. Russian человек (čelovék), from Proto-Slavic *čelověkъ, from earlier *kelověkъ). The word vīrs (man, male) had previously been used to mean also “human being,” given the loss of a previous specific term (cf. Lithuanian žmogùs, Latin homo); this polysemy may have motivated the borrowing.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cilvēks m (1st declension)

  1. person, human being (a member of the Homo sapiens species, capable of thinking and speaking)
    labs, jauns, jautrs cilvēks — good, young, playful person
    gudrs cilvēks — wise person
    noslēgts cilvēks — reserved, reticent person
    cilvēka izcelšanās — the origin of man (lit. person)
    cilvēka attīstība — human (lit. person's) development
    cilvēka cieņa — human (lit. person's) dignity
    cilvēku sabiedrība — human (lit. people's) society
    precēts cilvēks — a married person (usually a man)
    ģimenes cilvēks — a family person (usually a man)
    mieras cilvēks — a peaceful (lit. of peace) person
  2. (good) person (one who is not insensitive, who is kindhearted, helpful)
    tie bija cilvēki, tur bērns varēja dzīvot — those were (good) people, there (= with them) a child could live
  3. (in plural) people (an undefined group of men and/or women)
    uz ielas cilvēku pūlis — on the street (there was) a crowd of people
    ē, puiši! ē, meitas! ē, cilvēki! palīgā, palīgā! — hey, guys! hey, girls! hey, people! help, help!

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “cilvēks” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.