cilvēks

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Latvian[edit]

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 cilvēks on Latvian Wikipedia
Cilvēki

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Old East Slavic человѣкъ (čelověkŭ) (cf. Russian человек (čelovék), from Proto-Slavic *čelověkъ, from earlier *kelověkъ). The word vīrs (man, male) had previously been used to mean also “human being,” given the loss of a previous specific term (cf. Lithuanian žmogùs, Latin homo); this polysemy may have motivated the borrowing.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

cilvēks m (1st declension)

  1. person, human being (a member of the Homo sapiens species, capable of thinking and speaking)
    labs, jauns, jautrs cilvēksgood, young, playful person
    gudrs cilvēkswise person
    noslēgts cilvēksreserved, reticent person
    cilvēka izcelšanāsthe origin of man (lit. person)
    cilvēka attīstībahuman (lit. person's) development
    cilvēka cieņahuman (lit. person's) dignity
    cilvēku sabiedrībahuman (lit. people's) society
    precēts cilvēksa married person (usually a man)
    ģimenes cilvēksa family person (usually a man)
    mieras cilvēksa peaceful (lit. of peace) person
  2. (good) person (one who is not insensitive, who is kindhearted, helpful)
    tie bija cilvēki, tur bērns varēja dzīvotthose were (good) people, there (= with them) a child could live
  3. (in plural) people (an undefined group of men and/or women)
    uz ielas cilvēku pūlison the street (there was) a crowd of people
    ē, puiši! ē, meitas! ē, cilvēki! palīgā, palīgā!hey, guys! hey, girls! hey, people! help, help!

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “cilvēks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7