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 cilvēks on Latvian Wikipedia


A borrowing from Old East Slavic человѣкъ (čelověkŭ) (cf. Russian человек (čelovék), from Proto-Slavic *čelověkъ, from earlier *kelověkъ). The word vīrs (man, male) had previously been used to mean also “human being,” given the loss of a previous specific term (cf. Lithuanian žmogùs, Latin homo); this polysemy may have motivated the borrowing.[1]




cilvēks m (1st declension)

  1. person, human being (a member of the Homo sapiens species, capable of thinking and speaking)
    labs, jauns, jautrs cilvēks‎ ― good, young, playful person
    gudrs cilvēks‎ ― wise person
    noslēgts cilvēks‎ ― reserved, reticent person
    cilvēka izcelšanās‎ ― the origin of man (lit. person)
    cilvēka attīstība‎ ― human (lit. person's) development
    cilvēka cieņa‎ ― human (lit. person's) dignity
    cilvēku sabiedrība‎ ― human (lit. people's) society
    precēts cilvēks‎ ― a married person (usually a man)
    ģimenes cilvēks‎ ― a family person (usually a man)
    mieras cilvēks‎ ― a peaceful (lit. of peace) person
  2. (good) person (one who is not insensitive, who is kindhearted, helpful)
    tie bija cilvēki, tur bērns varēja dzīvot‎ ― those were (good) people, there (= with them) a child could live
  3. (in plural) people (an undefined group of men and/or women)
    uz ielas cilvēku pūlis‎ ― on the street (there was) a crowd of people
    ē, puiši! ē, meitas! ē, cilvēki! palīgā, palīgā!‎ ― hey, guys! hey, girls! hey, people! help, help!



Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “cilvēks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7