cist

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See also: čist, číst, чист, and чисть

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cista, from Ancient Greek κίστη (kístē). Doublet of chest.

Noun[edit]

cist (plural cists)

  1. (historical, Ancient Greece) A small receptacle for sacred utensils carried in festivals in Ancient Greece.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Welsh cist (chest) (see kistvaen), from Latin cista (chest, casket), see above.

Noun[edit]

cist (plural cists)

  1. (archaeology) A crypt cut into rock, chalk, or a tree trunk, especially a coffin formed by placing stone slabs on edge and topping them with a horizontal slab or slabs.
    • 2019, Alan Staniforth, Cleveland Way, page 66:
      A central stone slab cist containing the burial was surrounded by a circles of stones placed on edge, probably to represent the round house in which the deceased had lived.
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *kistu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ċist f

  1. box, chest

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *ecce iste.

Adjective[edit]

cist

  1. this; this one

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English cist or Middle English kist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cist f (plural cistiau)

  1. chest, trunk
  2. (automotive) boot, trunk
    Synonym: bŵt
  3. (archaeology) cist

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cist gist nghist chist
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “cist”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies