cloch

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cloch (compare Welsh clog).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cloch f (genitive singular cloiche, nominative plural clocha)

  1. stone
    1. stone (substance; small piece of stone)
    2. stone (central part of some fruits, consisting of the seed and a hard endocarp layer)
    3. (Christianity) bead (in a rosary)
    4. hard lump
    5. (anatomy) testicle
      Synonyms: caid, magairle, úirí
    6. stone (unit of mass)
      Synonym: cloch mheáchain
  2. rocky shore
  3. rocky island
  4. (stone) castle

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

cloch (present analytic clochann, future analytic clochfaidh, verbal noun clochadh, past participle clochta)

  1. (transitive) stone

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cloch chloch gcloch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *klukā (stone).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cloch f

  1. stone, rock
  2. stone (as material)
  3. precious stone, gem
  4. (Christianity) bead (in a rosary)
  5. something built of stone, castle, fortress, stronghold

Inflection[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative clochL cloichL clochaH
Vocative clochL cloichL clochaH
Accusative cloichN cloichL clochaH
Genitive cloicheH clochL clochN
Dative cloichL clochaib clochaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

  • clochach (stony, rocky, adjective)
  • clochaid (stones; covers with stones, verb)
  • clochamail (stony, unyielding, adjective)
  • clochán m (paved road or causeway)
  • clochar m (stony place)
  • clochda (made of stone, stony, adjective)

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: cloch
  • Manx: clagh
  • Scottish Gaelic: clach

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cloch chloch cloch
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈklot͡ʃ/, [ˈklot͡ʃ]

Noun[edit]

cloch m (plural cloches)

  1. Alternative form of cloche

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *klokkos (bell) (compare Cornish clogh, Breton kloc'h, Old Irish cloc, Irish clog), of onomatopoeic origin. Doublet of cloc (clock).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cloch f (plural clych or clychau or clochau)

  1. bell
    1. (figuratively) someone who praises or proclaims
    2. (figuratively) bell-shaped object, especially bubble
    3. (figuratively) bell-like sound or noise, vociferation
  2. prize, feat
  3. o'clock, of the clock
    Synonym: o'r gloch

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cloch gloch nghloch chloch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “cloch”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies