crescendo

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Crescendo

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian crescendo, gerund of crescere (to grow, to increase).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /kɹɪˈʃɛn.dəʊ/, /kɹəˈʃɛn.dəʊ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /kɹɪˈʃɛn.doʊ/, /kɹəˈʃɛn.doʊ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: cres‧cen‧do

Noun[edit]

Crescendo notation.

crescendo (plural crescendos or crescendi or crescendoes)

  1. (music) An instruction to play gradually more loudly, denoted by a long, narrow angle with its apex on the left ( < ), by musicians called a hairpin.
  2. (figuratively) A gradual increase of anything, especially to a dramatic climax.
    Their fighting rose in a fearsome crescendo.
  3. (figuratively, nonstandard) The climax of a gradual increase.
    Their arguing rose to a fearsome crescendo.
    • 2011 October 20, Michael da Silva, “Stoke 3 - 0 Macc Tel-Aviv”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      With the Stoke supporters jeering Ziv's every subsequent touch, the pantomime atmosphere created by the home crowd reached a crescendo when Ziv was shown a straight red shortly after the break in extraordinary circumstances.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The musical sense indicates that the figurative sense is an increase rather than the climax of the increase. The use of this word to mean the climax of an increase is nonstandard but commonplace.

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

crescendo (third-person singular simple present crescendoes, present participle crescendoing, simple past and past participle crescendoed)

  1. To increase in intensity; to reach or head for a crescendo.
    The band crescendoed and then suddenly went silent.

Adverb[edit]

crescendo (not comparable)

  1. (music) Gradually increasing in force or loudness.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

crescendo n

  1. (music) crescendo

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

crescendo

  1. crescendo (instruction to play gradually more loudly)
  2. (rare) crescendo (gradual increase, especially to a dramatic climax)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of crescendo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative crescendo crescendot
genitive crescendon crescendojen
partitive crescendoa crescendoja
illative crescendoon crescendoihin
singular plural
nominative crescendo crescendot
accusative nom. crescendo crescendot
gen. crescendon
genitive crescendon crescendojen
partitive crescendoa crescendoja
inessive crescendossa crescendoissa
elative crescendosta crescendoista
illative crescendoon crescendoihin
adessive crescendolla crescendoilla
ablative crescendolta crescendoilta
allative crescendolle crescendoille
essive crescendona crescendoina
translative crescendoksi crescendoiksi
instructive crescendoin
abessive crescendotta crescendoitta
comitative crescendoineen
Possessive forms of crescendo (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person crescendoni crescendomme
2nd person crescendosi crescendonne
3rd person crescendonsa

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

crescendo

  1. crescendo

Noun[edit]

crescendo m (plural crescendos)

  1. crescendo

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin crēscendum (increasing, growing), gerund of crēscō.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kreʃˈʃɛn.do/
  • Rhymes: -ɛndo
  • Hyphenation: cre‧scèn‧do

Verb[edit]

crescendo

  1. gerund of crescere

Noun[edit]

crescendo m (plural crescendi)

  1. (music) crescendo
  2. (figuratively) crescendo

Descendants[edit]

  • English: crescendo
  • Spanish: crescendo

Further reading[edit]

  • crescendo in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

crēscendō

  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of crēscendus

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crescendo m (plural crescendos)

  1. (music) crescendo (music to be play gradually more loudly)

Verb[edit]

crescendo

  1. gerund of crescer

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Italian crescendo.

Adverb[edit]

crescendo

  1. crescendo

Noun[edit]

crescendo n (plural crescendouri)

  1. crescendo

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Italian crescendo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɾeˈʃendo/, [kɾeˈʃẽn̪.d̪o]

Noun[edit]

crescendo m (plural crescendos)

  1. crescendo

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

crescendo n

  1. (music) crescendo

Declension[edit]

Declension of crescendo 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative crescendo crescendot crescendon crescendona
Genitive crescendos crescendots crescendons crescendonas