From Latin dē (“from; out”) + fenestra (“window”) + English -ation (“suffix indicating an action or process”); compare Middle French défenestrer and modern French défenestrer, défenestration, German Fenstersturz, Late Latin defenestratio. The verb defenestrate was formed later.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dɪˌfɛnɪˈstɹeɪʃ(ə)n/, /ˌdiː-/
- (General American) IPA(key): /diˌfɛnəˈstɹeɪʃən/
- Rhymes: -eɪʃən
- Hyphenation: de‧fe‧nes‧tra‧tion
defenestration (plural defenestrations)
- The act of throwing something or someone out of a window. [from c. 17th c.]
1905, Rossiter Johnson, editor, The Great Events by Famous Historians; a Comprehensive and Readable Account of the World's History, Emphasizing the More Important Events, and Presenting these as Complete Narratives in the Master-words of the Most Eminent Historians, New York, N.Y.: National Alumni, OCLC 634668, pages 62–75:
- The "Defenestration" at Prague (A.D. 1618). […] The imperial Austrian Councillors are thrown out of the window of the castle of Hradschin by the enraged Bohemian Deputies […]
1996, Adrian [G. V.] Hyde-Price, “East Central Europe: A Brief History”, in The International Politics of East Central Europe, Manchester; New York, N.Y.: Manchester University Press, ISBN 978-0-7190-4096-2, page 40, footnote 41:
2004, Paul Dehn Carleton, “Notes and References”, in Concepts: A ProtoTheist Quest for Science-minded Skeptics of Catholic, and Other Christian, Jewish & Muslim Backgrounds, Pontiac, Mich.: Carleton House, ISBN 978-0-9745583-0-1, page 359, footnote 15:
- On September 11, 2001 when NYC's Twin Towers were impacted […] some occupants trapped above the inferno facing certain death instead jumped from windows to their certain death (self defenestration).
- (Britain) The high-profile removal of a person from an organization.
- (computing, neologism, humorous) The act of removing the Microsoft Windows operating system from a computer in order to install an alternative one.
1999 November 6, Graham Lea, “Stunned MS vows to fight on for freedom: ‘Integrity, partnership, quality … giving’ – (takes out onion)”, in The Register, archived from the original on 19 August 2014:
- It's defenestration day in Redmond today. A clearly stunned Microsoft did what it could to pretend that Judge Jackson's findings of fact were "just one step", as [Bill] Gates put said in the prepared statement that he read at a press conference last night, but it was hopeless.
2004 February 12, Paul Murphy, “What does Linux cost?”, in LinuxInsider: Linux News & Information from around the World, archived from the original on 11 March 2016:
- What's needed is defenestration – throwing out the Windows mindset along with Microsoft's licenses and software – but that's not as simple as changing a boot CD or even migrating a whole raft of servers. What's involved is fundamental change both in how IT operates and in what it does.
2005 December 1, D. Braue; P. Gray; L. Colquhoun; J.-V. Douglas, “Leaders of the pack”, in MIS Asia: Managing Information Strategies, archived from the original on 7 October 2007:
- Traditionally, the verb defenestrate means to throw out of a window. But as Australian companies take their first timid steps towards installing non-proprietary software on corporate desktops, defenestration is starting to be linked to the throwing out of Windows software.