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See also: deligo




  1. first-person singular present indicative of diligere




From dis- (apart, asunder) +‎ legō (to choose, to take), or from dis- (apart, asunder) +‎ Proto-Italic *legō (to care).



dīligō (present infinitive dīligere, perfect active dīlēxī, supine dīlēctum); third conjugation

  1. to esteem, prize, love, have regard, to delight in (something)
    Synonym: amō
    Antonyms: exsecror, abhorreō, abōminor, dēspuō
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Exodus.20.6:
      et faciens misericordiam in millia his qui diligunt me, et custodiunt praecepta mea.
      and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
  2. to set apart by choosing, to single (something) out, to distinguish (something) by selecting it from among others


   Conjugation of dīligō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dīligō dīligis dīligit dīligimus dīligitis dīligunt
imperfect dīligēbam dīligēbās dīligēbat dīligēbāmus dīligēbātis dīligēbant
future dīligam dīligēs dīliget dīligēmus dīligētis dīligent
perfect dīlēxī dīlēxistī dīlēxit dīlēximus dīlēxistis dīlēxērunt,
pluperfect dīlēxeram dīlēxerās dīlēxerat dīlēxerāmus dīlēxerātis dīlēxerant
future perfect dīlēxerō dīlēxeris dīlēxerit dīlēxerimus dīlēxeritis dīlēxerint
passive present dīligor dīligeris,
dīligitur dīligimur dīligiminī dīliguntur
imperfect dīligēbar dīligēbāris,
dīligēbātur dīligēbāmur dīligēbāminī dīligēbantur
future dīligar dīligēris,
dīligētur dīligēmur dīligēminī dīligentur
perfect dīlēctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dīlēctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dīlēctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dīligam dīligās dīligat dīligāmus dīligātis dīligant
imperfect dīligerem dīligerēs dīligeret dīligerēmus dīligerētis dīligerent
perfect dīlēxerim dīlēxerīs dīlēxerit dīlēxerīmus dīlēxerītis dīlēxerint
pluperfect dīlēxissem dīlēxissēs dīlēxisset dīlēxissēmus dīlēxissētis dīlēxissent
passive present dīligar dīligāris,
dīligātur dīligāmur dīligāminī dīligantur
imperfect dīligerer dīligerēris,
dīligerētur dīligerēmur dīligerēminī dīligerentur
perfect dīlēctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dīlēctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dīlige dīligite
future dīligitō dīligitō dīligitōte dīliguntō
passive present dīligere dīligiminī
future dīligitor dīligitor dīliguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dīligere dīlēxisse dīlēctūrum esse dīligī dīlēctum esse dīlēctum īrī
participles dīligēns dīlēctūrus dīlēctus dīligendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
dīligendī dīligendō dīligendum dīligendō dīlēctum dīlēctū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Italian: diligere
  • Portuguese: deleitar
  • Spanish: deleitar


  • diligo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • diligo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • diligo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to hold a levy: dilectum habere