foris

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Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰwer- (door, gate). Cognates include Sanskrit द्वार् (dvā́r), Ancient Greek θύρα (thúra) and Old English duru and dor (English door). O-grade derivation of the same Proto-Indo-European root also yielded Latin forum.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

foris f (genitive foris); third declension

  1. door
  2. gate
  3. opening
  4. entrance
Inflection[edit]

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
nominative foris forēs
genitive foris forium
dative forī foribus
accusative forem forēs
ablative fore foribus
vocative foris forēs
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]
Adverb[edit]

forīs (not comparable)

  1. outside, outdoors (location)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

forīs

  1. dative plural of forum
  2. ablative plural of forum

References[edit]

  • foris in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • foris in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “foris”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • foris” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) at home; in one's native country: domi (opp. foris)
    • (ambiguous) to knock at the door: ostium, fores pulsare
    • (ambiguous) to open, shut the door: ostium, fores aperire, claudere
    • (ambiguous) to bolt the door: fores obserare